UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



 

FORM 10-Q



 

 
(Mark One)
x   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2010

OR

 
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period From  to 

Commission File Number 1-9516



 

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 
Delaware   13-3398766
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation or Organization)
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

767 Fifth Avenue, Suite 4700
New York, NY 10153

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)



 

(212) 702-4300

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)



 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):

 
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

As of May 3, 2010, there were 83,754,921 depositary units outstanding.

 

 


 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P.

INDEX

 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

    1  

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1.

Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

    5  

2.

Acquisitions

    8  

3.

Operating Units

    9  

4.

Related Party Transactions

    15  

5.

Investments and Related Matters

    18  

6.

Fair Value Measurements

    22  

7.

Financial Instruments

    25  

8.

Inventories, Net

    32  

9.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

    32  

10.

Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

    33  

11.

Debt

    34  

12.

Compensation Arrangements

    40  

13.

Pensions, Other Post-employment Benefits and Employee Benefit Plans

    42  

14.

Preferred Limited Partner Units

    43  

15.

Net Income per LP Unit

    43  

16.

Segment Reporting

    44  

17.

Income Taxes

    47  

18.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

    48  

19.

Commitments and Contingencies

    48  

20.

Subsequent Events

    52  
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms     53  

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    55  

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    82  

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

    82  
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

    83  

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

    83  

Item 6.

Exhibits

    84  
Signature     85  

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except unit amounts)

   
  March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
     (unaudited)
ASSETS
                 
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 2,495     $ 2,256  
Cash held at consolidated affiliated partnerships and restricted cash     2,390       3,336  
Investments     5,818       5,405  
Accounts receivable, net     1,236       1,139  
Due from brokers     78       56  
Inventories, net     1,120       1,091  
Property, plant and equipment, net     3,016       2,958  
Goodwill     1,083       1,083  
Intangible assets, net     992       1,007  
Other assets     568       555  
Total Assets   $ 18,796     $ 18,886  
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
Accounts payable   $ 673     $ 628  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities     1,939       1,993  
Securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value     1,518       2,035  
Due to brokers           376  
Post-employment benefit liability     1,396       1,413  
Debt     5,921       5,186  
Preferred limited partner units           136  
Total liabilities     11,447       11,767  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 19)
                 
Equity:
                 
Limited partners:
                 
Depositary units: 92,400,000 authorized; issued 84,892,121 and 75,912,797 at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009; outstanding 83,754,921 and 74,775,597 at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively     3,152       2,828  
General partner     (252 )      18  
Treasury units at cost: 1,137,200 depositary units     (12 )      (12 ) 
Equity attributable to Icahn Enterprises     2,888       2,834  
Equity attributable to non-controlling interests     4,461       4,285  
Total equity     7,349       7,119  
Total Liabilities and Equity   $ 18,796     $ 18,886  

 
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per unit amounts)

   
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
     2010   2009
     (unaudited)
Revenues:
                 
Net sales   $ 1,870     $ 1,621  
Net (loss) gain from investment activities     (1 )      251  
Interest and dividend income     68       82  
Loss on extinguishment of debt     (40 )       
Other income, net     18       38  
       1,915       1,992  
Expenses:
                 
Cost of goods sold     1,575       1,441  
Selling, general and administrative     294       289  
Restructuring     4       42  
Impairment     4       15  
Interest expense     95       80  
       1,972       1,867  
(Loss) income before income tax benefit     (57 )      125  
Income tax benefit     7       7  
Net (loss) income     (50 )      132  
Less: net income attributable to non-controlling interests     (15 )      (128 ) 
Net (loss) income attributable to Icahn Enterprises   $ (65 )    $ 4  
Net (loss) income attributable to Icahn Enterprises allocable to:
                 
Limited partners   $ (64 )    $ 1  
General partner     (1 )      3  
     $ (65 )    $ 4  
Basic and diluted (loss) income per LP unit:   $ (0.80 )    $ 0.01  
Basic and diluted weighted average LP units outstanding     80       75  
Cash distributions declared per LP unit   $ 0.25     $ 0.25  

 
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES
IN EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited) (In millions)

             
  Equity Attributable to Icahn Enterprises    
     General
Partners’
Equity
(Deficit)
  Limited
Partners’
Equity
 
  
Held in Treasury
  Total
Partners’
Equity
  Non-
Controlling
Interests
  Total Equity
     Amount   Units
Balance, December 31, 2009, as adjusted (See Note 1)   $ 18     $ 2,828     $ (12 )      1     $ 2,834     $ 4,285     $ 7,119  
Comprehensive (loss) income:
                                                              
Net (loss) income     (1 )      (64 )                  (65 )      15       (50 ) 
Post-employment benefits, net of tax           6                   6       2       8  
Hedge instruments, net of tax           (7 )                  (7 )      (2 )      (9 ) 
Translation adjustments and other     (1 )      (22 )                  (23 )      (10 )      (33 ) 
Comprehensive (loss) income     (2 )      (87 )                  (89 )      5       (84 ) 
Partnership contributions     5                         5             5  
Partnership distributions           (20 )                  (20 )            (20 ) 
Investment Management distributions                                   (7 )      (7 ) 
Investment Management contributions                                   173       173  
ARI acquisition     (141 )      141                                
Viskase acquisition     (132 )      132                                
Preferred LP unit redemption           138                   138             138  
Stock-based compensation and other           20                   20       5       25  
Balance, March 31, 2010   $ (252 )    $ 3,152     $ (12 )      1     $ 2,888     $ 4,461     $ 7,349  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss was $691 and $657 at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

 
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited) (In millions)

   
  Three Months
Ended March 31,
     2010   2009
Cash Flows from operating activities:
                 
Net (loss) income   $ (50 )    $ 132  
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash used in operating activities:
                 
Investment losses (gains)     1       (251 ) 
Purchases of securities     (1,171 )      (304 ) 
Proceeds from sales of securities     922       807  
Purchases to cover securities sold, not yet purchased     (719 )      (1,141 ) 
Proceeds from securities sold, not yet purchased     33       129  
Net premiums (paid) received on derivative contracts     (43 )      188  
Changes in receivables and payables relating to securities transactions     (394 )      (892 ) 
Depreciation and amortization     110       105  
Other, net     35       2  
Changes in cash held at consolidated affiliated partnerships and restricted cash     938       1,047  
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities     (52 )      (153 ) 
Net cash used in operating activities     (390 )      (331 ) 
Cash flows from investing activities:
                 
Capital expenditures     (166 )      (60 ) 
Purchases of marketable equity and debt securities           (37 ) 
Other     (7 )      1  
Net cash used in investing activities     (173 )      (96 ) 
Cash flows from financing activities:
                 
Investment Management Equity:
                 
Capital subscriptions received in advance     46        
Capital distributions to non-controlling interests     (50 )      (109 ) 
Capital contributions by non-controlling interests     173       8  
Partnership contributions     5        
Partnership distributions     (20 )      (19 ) 
Proceeds from issuance of senior unsecured notes     1,987        
Proceeds from sale of previously purchased subsidiary debt     65       4  
Repayments of borrowings     (1,357 )      (10 ) 
Other     (26 )      (10 ) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     823       (136 ) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash     (21 )      (5 ) 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     239       (568 ) 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period     2,256       2,917  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 2,495     $ 2,349  
Supplemental information:
                 
Cash payments for interest   $ 51     $ 97  
Net cash payments (refunds) for income taxes   $ 12     $ (14 ) 
Net unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities   $ (4 )    $ (13 ) 
Redemptions payable to non-controlling interests   $ 70     $ 107  
LP Unit issuance to purchase majority interests in ARI and Viskase   $ 273     $  
LP Unit issuance to settle preferred LP unit redemptions   $ 138     $  

 
 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

General

Icahn Enterprises L.P. (“Icahn Enterprises” or the “Company”) is a master limited partnership formed in Delaware on February 17, 1987. We own a 99% limited partner interest in Icahn Enterprises Holdings L.P. (“Icahn Enterprises Holdings”). Icahn Enterprises Holdings and its subsidiaries own substantially all of our assets and liabilities and conduct substantially all of our operations. Icahn Enterprises G.P. Inc. (“Icahn Enterprises GP”), our sole general partner, which is owned and controlled by Mr. Carl C. Icahn, owns a 1% general partner interest in both us and Icahn Enterprises Holdings, representing an aggregate 1.99% general partner interest in us and Icahn Enterprises Holdings. As of March 31, 2010, affiliates of Mr. Icahn owned 77,343,160 of our depositary units which represented approximately 92.3% of our outstanding depositary units. As discussed further in Note 14, “Preferred Limited Partner Units,” on March 31, 2010 we redeemed all of our outstanding preferred units.

We are a diversified holding company owning subsidiaries currently engaged in the following continuing operating businesses: Investment Management, Automotive, Railcar, Food Packaging, Metals, Real Estate and Home Fashion. We also report the results of our Holding Company, which includes the unconsolidated results of Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings, and investment activity and expenses associated with the Holding Company. Further information regarding our continuing reportable segments is contained in Note 3, “Operating Units,” and Note 16, “Segment Reporting.”

The accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 (“fiscal 2009”). The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) related to interim financial statements. The financial information contained herein is unaudited; however, management believes all adjustments have been made that are necessary to present fairly the results for the interim periods. All such adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature.

In accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), assets transferred between entities under common control are accounted for at historical cost similar to a pooling of interests, and the financial statements of previously separate companies for all periods under common control prior to the acquisition are included in our consolidated financial statements.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of (i) Icahn Enterprises, (ii) the wholly and majority owned subsidiaries of Icahn Enterprises in which control can be exercised and (iii) entities in which Icahn Enterprises has a controlling interest as a general partner interest or in which it is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity (“VIE”). In evaluating whether Icahn Enterprises has a controlling financial interest in entities in which it would consolidate, it considers the following: (1) for voting interest entities, we consolidate these entities in which we own a majority of the voting interests; (2) for VIEs that are not subject to the deferral provisions described below in the section entitled, “Adoption of New Accounting Standards,” we consolidate these entities in which we are considered the primary beneficiary because we (i) have the direct or indirect ability through voting rights or similar rights to make decisions about the VIE’s activities that have a significant effect on its success and (ii) absorb the majority of the VIE’s expected losses, receive a majority of the VIE’s expected residual returns, or both (see Note 5, “Investment and Related Matters,” for further discussion regarding our VIEs); and (3) for limited partnership entities that are not considered VIEs, we consolidate these entities if we are the general partner of such entities and for which no substantive kick-out or participating rights exist. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

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ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation  – (continued)

We conduct and plan to continue to conduct our activities in such a manner as not to be deemed an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “’40 Act”). Therefore, no more than 40% of our total assets will be invested in investment securities, as such term is defined in the ’40 Act. In addition, we do not invest or intend to invest in securities as our primary business. We intend to structure our investments to continue to be taxed as a partnership rather than as a corporation under the applicable publicly traded partnership rules of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended (the “Code”).

Because of the nature of our businesses, the results of operations for quarterly and other interim periods are not indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. Variations in the amount and timing of gains and losses on our investments can be significant.

Change in Reporting Entity

As discussed further in Note 2, “Acquisitions,” on January 15, 2010, in two separate transactions, we acquired controlling interests in American Railcar Industries, Inc. (“ARI”) and Viskase Companies, Inc. (“Viskase”). ARI and Viskase are each considered entities under common control.

For accounting purposes, ARI’s and Viskase’s earnings for the period of common control up until our acquisition of the controlling interests in each of these companies on January 15, 2010 have been allocated to Icahn Enterprises GP, our general partner, and therefore are excluded from the historical computation of basic and diluted income per LP unit.

As a result of the acquisitions of ARI and Viskase that occurred on January 15, 2010, our financial statements now include the results of ARI and Viskase effective when common control (over 50% ownership) has been achieved which for ARI was in May 1988 and for Viskase was in November 2006. ARI and Viskase prepare financial statements based on certain accounting policies that were not described in our annual report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2009 (the “2009 Form 10-K”). Accordingly, certain required additional information is included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q in order to supplement disclosures already included in our 2009 Form 10-K. The new accounting policies, which relate to ARI and Viskase, comprising our Railcar and Food Packaging segments, respectively, are as follows:

Revenue Recognition — Railcar

Revenues from railcar sales are recognized following completion of manufacturing, inspection, customer acceptance and title transfer, which is when the risk for any damage or loss with respect to the railcars passes to the customer. Paint and lining work may be outsourced and, as a result, the sale for the railcar may be recorded after customer acceptance when it leaves the manufacturing plant and the sale for the lining work may be separately recorded following completion of that work by the independent contractor, customer acceptance and final shipment. Revenues from railcar and industrial components are recorded at the time of product shipment, in accordance with ARI’s contractual terms. Revenue for railcar maintenance services is recognized upon completion and shipment of railcars from ARI’s plants. ARI does not currently bundle railcar service contracts with new railcar sales. Revenue for fleet management services is recognized as performed. ARI records amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling as part of sales and records related costs in cost of goods sold.

Revenue Recognition — Food Packaging

Revenues are recognized at the time products are shipped to the customer, under F.O.B Shipping point terms or under F.O.B. Port terms. Revenues are net of any discounts, rebates and allowances. Viskase periodically bills customers for shipping charges. These amounts are included in revenue with related costs included in cost of goods sold.

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ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation  – (continued)

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, cash held at consolidated affiliated partnerships and restricted cash, accounts receivable, due from brokers, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities and due to brokers are deemed to be reasonable estimates of their fair values because of their short-term nature.

See Note 5, “Investments and Related Matters,” and Note 6, “Fair Value Measurements,” for discussions of our investments.

The fair value of our long-term debt is based on the quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered to us for debt of the same remaining maturities. The carrying value and estimated fair value of our long-term debt as of March 31, 2010 are approximately $5.9 billion and $5.7 billion, respectively. The carrying value and estimated fair value of our long-term debt as of December 31, 2009 was approximately $5.2 billion and $4.8 billion, respectively.

Restricted Cash

Our restricted cash balance was approximately $1.9 billion and $2.8 billion as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

Adoption of New Accounting Standards

In December 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amended standards for determining whether to consolidate a VIE. This new standard affects all entities currently within the scope of the Consolidation Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), as well as qualifying special-purpose entities that are currently excluded from the scope of the Consolidation Topic of the FASB ASC. This new standard amends the evaluation criteria to identify the primary beneficiary of the VIE and requires ongoing reassessment of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of such VIEs. This new standard is effective as of the beginning of the first fiscal year beginning after November 15, 2009. The adoption of this new standard did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. As discussed below, we determined that certain entities within our Investment Management segment met the deferral criteria and we will therefore be deferring the application of this new guidance for these entities.

In February 2010, the FASB issued new guidance which amends the consolidation requirement discussed above. This amendment defers consolidation requirements for a reporting entity’s interest in an entity if the reporting entity (1) has all the attributes of an investment company or (2) represents an entity for which it is industry practice to apply measurement principles for financial reporting purposes that are consistent with those followed by investment companies. The deferral does not apply in situations in which a reporting entity has the explicit or implicit obligation to fund losses of an entity that could be potentially significant to the entity. The deferral also does not apply to interests in securitization entities, asset-backed financing entities or entities formerly considered special-purpose entities. An entity that qualifies for the deferral will continue to be assessed under the overall guidance on the consolidation of VIEs or other applicable consolidation guidance, such as the consolidation of partnerships. Entities are required, however, to provide disclosures for all VIEs in which they hold a variable interest. This includes variable interests in entities that qualify for the deferral but are considered VIEs under the prior accounting provisions. This new guidance is effective as of the beginning of a reporting entity’s first annual period that begins after November 15, 2009, and for interim periods within that first annual reporting period. We determined that certain entities within our Investment Management segment met the deferral provisions of this new guidance. Accordingly, these entities within our Investment Management segment will continue to be subject to the overall guidance on the consolidation of VIEs prior to the new standard described above or other applicable consolidation guidance, such as the

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ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation  – (continued)

consolidation of partnerships. See Note 5, “Investments and Related Matters — Investments in Variable Interest Entities,” for further discussion.

In January 2010, the FASB issued new guidance on supplemental fair value disclosures. The new disclosures require (1) a gross presentation of activities within the Level 3 roll forward reconciliation, which will replace the net presentation format and (2) detailed disclosures about the transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 measurements. Additionally, the new guidance also provides several clarifications regarding the level of disaggregation and disclosures about inputs and valuation techniques. This new guidance is effective for the first interim or annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the gross presentation of the Level 3 roll forward, which is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim reporting periods within those years. Early application is permitted and comparative disclosures are not required in the period of initial adoption. We have adopted the provisions of this new guidance effective January 1, 2010. The adoption of this new standard did not have any impact on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. See Note 6, “Fair Value Measurements,” for additional information.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In March 2010, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for credit derivatives that are embedded in beneficial interests in securitized financial assets. The new guidance eliminates the scope exception of certain credit derivative features embedded in beneficial interests in securitized financial assets that are currently not accounted for as derivatives within the Derivatives and Hedging Topic of the FASB ASC. As a result, bifurcation and separate recognition may be required for certain beneficial interests that are not currently accounted for at fair value through earnings. This new guidance is effective for each reporting entity at the beginning of its first fiscal quarter beginning after June 15, 2010. Early adoption is permitted at each entity’s first fiscal quarter beginning after issuance. The adoption of this new standard will not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Filing Status of Subsidiaries

Federal-Mogul Corporation (“Federal-Mogul”) and ARI are each a reporting company under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and file annual, quarterly and current reports. Each of these reports is separately filed with the SEC and is publicly available at www.sec.gov.

2. Acquisitions

Acquisition of Controlling Interest in American Railcar Industries, Inc.

On January 15, 2010, pursuant to a Contribution and Exchange Agreement (the “ARI Contribution and Exchange Agreement”) among Icahn Enterprises, Beckton Corp., a Delaware corporation (“Beckton”), Barberry Corp., a Delaware Corporation (“Barberry”), Modal LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Modal”), and Caboose Holding LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Caboose” and, together with Beckton, Barberry and Modal, collectively, the “ARI Contributing Parties”), the ARI Contributing Parties contributed to Icahn Enterprises 11,564,145 shares of common stock of ARI, representing approximately 54.3% of ARI’s total outstanding common stock as of January 15, 2010, collectively owned by the ARI Contributing Parties for aggregate consideration consisting of 3,116,537 of our depositary units (or approximately $141 million based on the closing price of our depositary units on January 15, 2010) subject to certain post-closing adjustments. ARI is a leading North American designer and manufacturer of hopper and tank railcars. ARI also repairs and refurbishes railcars, provides fleet management services and designs and manufactures certain railcar and industrial components. The transactions contemplated by the ARI Contribution and Exchange Agreement were authorized by the Audit Committee of the board of directors of Icahn Enterprises GP on January 11, 2010. The Audit Committee was advised by independent counsel and an independent financial advisor which rendered a fairness opinion.

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ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

2. Acquisitions  – (continued)

The aggregate consideration of our depositary units with respect to the acquisition of ARI is subject to a post-closing adjustment based on a formula that measures how much the six-month volume weighted average price of ARI’s common stock following the closing date exceeds or is less than certain price targets, subject to a ceiling. Such adjustment may result in either Icahn Enterprises issuing additional depositary units to the ARI Contributing Parties or ARI Contributing Parties returning Icahn Enterprises’ depositary units to us.

Acquisition of Controlling Interest in Viskase Companies, Inc.

On January 15, 2010, pursuant to a Contribution and Exchange Agreement (the “Viskase Contribution and Exchange Agreement”) among Icahn Enterprises, Beckton, Barberry, Koala Holding Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (“Koala”), High River Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (“High River”), and Meadow Walk Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (“Meadow Walk” and, together with Beckton, Barberry, Koala and High River, collectively, the “Viskase Contributing Parties”), the Viskase Contributing Parties contributed to Icahn Enterprises 25,560,929 shares of common stock of Viskase, representing approximately 71.4% of Viskase’s total outstanding common stock as of January 15, 2010, collectively owned by the Viskase Contributing Parties for aggregate consideration consisting of 2,915,695 of our depositary units (or approximately $132 million based on the closing price of our depositary units on January 15, 2010). Viskase is a leading worldwide producer of non-edible cellulosic, fibrous and plastic casings used to prepare and package processed meat and poultry products. The transactions contemplated by the Viskase Contribution and Exchange Agreement were authorized by the Audit Committee of the board of directors of Icahn Enterprises GP on January 11, 2010. The Audit Committee was advised by independent counsel and an independent financial advisor which rendered a fairness opinion.

As a result of our acquisition of a controlling interest in Viskase, certain long-term assets have been adjusted by a total of $13 million as a result of our required utilization of common control parties’ underlying basis in such assets as follows as of March 31, 2010: increase of $3 million for goodwill, increase of $14 million for intangible assets and a decrease of $4 million for building and equipment.

3. Operating Units

a. Investment Management

Icahn Onshore LP (the “Onshore GP”) and Icahn Offshore LP (the “Offshore GP” and, together with the Onshore GP, the “General Partners”) act as general partner of Icahn Partners LP (the “Onshore Fund”) and the Offshore Master Funds (as defined herein), respectively. The “Offshore Master Funds” consist of (i) Icahn Partners Master Fund LP, (ii) Icahn Partners Master Fund II L.P. (“Masterfund II”) and (iii) Icahn Partners Master Fund III L.P. (“Masterfund III”). The Onshore Fund and the Offshore Master Funds are collectively referred to herein as the “Investment Funds.” In addition, as discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the “Offshore Funds” consist of (i) Icahn Fund Ltd. (referred to herein as the Offshore Fund), (ii) Icahn Fund II Ltd. and (iii) Icahn Fund III Ltd. The Offshore GP also acts as general partner of a fund formed as a Cayman Islands exempted limited partnership that invests in the Offshore Master Funds. This fund, together with other funds that also invest in the Offshore Master Funds, constitute the “Feeder Funds” and, together with the Investment Funds, are referred to herein as the “Private Funds.”

Effective January 1, 2008, in addition to providing investment advisory services to the Private Funds, the General Partners provide or cause their affiliates to provide certain administrative and back office services to the Private Funds that had been previously provided by Icahn Capital Management LP (collectively, the “Services”) and, in consideration of providing the Services, the General Partners will receive special profits interest allocations from the Investment Funds. Prior to June 30, 2009 this allocation was generally equal to 0.625% of the balance in each fee-paying capital account as of the beginning of each quarter (for each investor of fee-paying capital account, the Target Special Profits Interest Amount) except that amounts are only allocated to the General Partners in respect of special profits interest allocations if there is sufficient net

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3. Operating Units  – (continued)

profits in the applicable Investment Fund to cover such amounts. The General Partners may also receive incentive allocations, which prior to June 30, 2009, were generally 25% of the net profits generated by fee-paying investors in the Investment Funds, subject to a “high water mark” (whereby the General Partners do not earn incentive allocations during a particular year even though the fund had a positive return in such year until losses in prior periods have been recovered). (See below for discussion of new fee structure for special profits interest allocations and incentive allocations effective as of July 1, 2009.) The General Partners do not provide such services to any other entities, individuals or accounts. Interests in the Private Funds are offered only to certain sophisticated and qualified investors on the basis of exemptions from the registration requirements of the federal securities laws and are not publicly available.

Effective July 1, 2009, certain limited partnership agreements and offering memoranda of the Private Funds (the “Fund Documents”) were revised primarily to provide existing investors and new investors (“Investors”) with various new options for investments in the Private Funds (each an “Option”). Each Option has certain eligibility criteria for Investors and existing investors were permitted to roll over their investments made in the Private Funds prior to July 1, 2009 (“Pre-Election Investments”) into one or more of the new Options. For fee-paying investments, the special profits interest allocations will range from 1.5% to 2.25% per annum and the incentive allocations will range from 15% (in some cases subject to a preferred return) to 22% per annum. The new Options also have different withdrawal terms, with certain Options being permitted to withdraw capital every six months (subject to certain limitations on aggregate withdrawals) and other Options being subject to three-year rolling lock-up periods, provided that early withdrawals are permitted at certain times with the payment to the Private Funds of a fee. For those Options with rolling lock-ups, the General Partners will not be entitled to receive an incentive allocation for a period of two years or longer.

The economic and withdrawal terms of the Pre-Election Investments remain the same, which include a special profits interest allocation of 2.5% per annum, an incentive allocation of 25% per annum and a three-year lock-up period (or sooner, subject to the payment of an early withdrawal fee). Certain of the Options will preserve each Investor’s existing high watermark with respect to its rolled over Pre-Election Investments and one of the Options establishes a hypothetical high watermark for new capital invested before December 31, 2010 by persons that were Investors prior to July 1, 2009. Effective with permitted withdrawals on December 31, 2009, if an Investor does not roll over a Pre-Election Investment into another Option when it is first eligible to do so without the payment of a withdrawal fee, the Private Funds will require such Investor to withdraw such Pre-Election Investment.

Our Investment Management segment’s revenues are affected by the combination of fee-paying assets under management (“AUM”) and the investment performance of the Private Funds. The General Partners’ incentive allocations and special profits interest allocations earned from the Private Funds are accrued on a quarterly basis and are allocated to the General Partners at the end of the Private Funds’ fiscal year (or sooner on redemptions) assuming sufficient net profits. Such quarterly accruals may be reversed as a result of subsequent investment performance prior to the date of such allocation. Effective July 1, 2009, certain Options provide for incentive allocations to be allocated less frequently than the end of each fiscal year, in which case, quarterly accruals may be reversed as described above prior to the date of allocation.

As of March 31, 2010, the full Target Special Profits Interest Amount was $12 million, including a Target Special Profits Interest Amount for the first three months of fiscal year ending December 31, 2010 (“fiscal 2010”) and a hypothetical return on the full Target Special Profits Interest Amount from the Investment Funds. Of the full Target Special Profits Interest Amount as of March 31, 2010, $11 million was accrued as a special profits interest allocation for the first quarter of fiscal 2010 and $1 million will be carried forward to the extent that there are sufficient net profits in the Investment Funds during the investment period to cover such amounts. This compares to a special profits interest allocation accrual for the first quarter of fiscal 2009 of $87 million which included a carryforward Target Special Profits Interest Amount of $70 million from December 31, 2008.

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3. Operating Units  – (continued)

b. Automotive

We conduct our Automotive segment through our majority ownership in Federal-Mogul. Federal-Mogul is a leading global supplier of technology and innovation in vehicle and industrial products for fuel economy, alternative energies, environment and safety systems. Federal-Mogul serves the world’s foremost original equipment manufacturers (“OEM”) of automotive, light commercial, heavy-duty, industrial, agricultural, aerospace, marine, rail and off-road vehicles, as well as the worldwide aftermarket. As of March 31, 2010, Federal-Mogul is organized into four product groups: Powertrain Energy, Powertrain Sealing and Bearings, Vehicle Safety and Protection, and Global Aftermarket.

Federal-Mogul believes that its sales are well-balanced between OEM and aftermarket, as well as domestic and international markets. Federal-Mogul’s customers include the world’s largest light and commercial vehicle OEMs and major distributors and retailers in the independent aftermarket. Federal-Mogul has operations in established markets, such as Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States, and emerging markets, including Argentina, Brazil, China, Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey and Venezuela. The attendant risks of Federal-Mogul’s international operations are primarily related to currency fluctuations, changes in local economic and political conditions and changes in laws and regulations.

Accounts Receivable, net

Federal-Mogul’s subsidiaries in Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Spain are parties to accounts receivable factoring arrangements. Gross accounts receivable factored under these facilities were $225 million and $217 million as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. Of those gross amounts, $195 million and $190 million, respectively, were factored without recourse and treated as sales. The remaining $30 million and $27 million, respectively, were factored with recourse, pledged as collateral, accounted for as secured borrowings and recorded in the consolidated balance sheets as accounts receivable and the related debt shown separately. Under terms of these factoring arrangements, Federal-Mogul is not obligated to draw cash immediately upon the factoring of accounts receivable. Federal-Mogul had outstanding factored amounts of $3 million and $4 million for which cash had not yet been drawn as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively. Expenses associated with receivables factored or discounted are recorded in the consolidated statements of operations within other income, net.

Restructuring

Federal-Mogul’s restructuring charges are comprised of two types: employee costs (principally termination benefits) and facility closure costs. Termination benefits are accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 712, Compensation — Nonretirement Post-employment Benefits, and are recorded when it is probable that employees will be entitled to benefits and the amounts can be reasonably estimated. Estimates of termination benefits are based on the frequency of past termination benefits, the similarity of benefits under the current plan and prior plans, and the existence of statutory required minimum benefits. Facility closure and other costs are accounted for in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 420, Exit or Disposal Cost Obligation, and are recorded when the liability is incurred.

Estimates of restructuring charges are based on information available at the time such charges are recorded. In certain countries where Federal-Mogul operates, statutory requirements include involuntary termination benefits that extend several years into the future. Accordingly, severance payments continue well past the date of termination at many international locations. Thus, these programs appear to be ongoing when, in fact, terminations and other activities under these programs have been substantially completed. Federal-Mogul expects that future savings resulting from execution of its restructuring programs will generally result in full pay back within 36 months.

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3. Operating Units  – (continued)

Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in estimating restructuring expenses, actual amounts paid for such activities may differ from amounts initially estimated. Accordingly, previously recorded reserves of $1 million and $5 million were reversed for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Such reversals result from: changes in estimated amounts to accomplish previously planned activities; changes in expected outcome (based on historical practice) of negotiations with labor unions, which reduced the level of originally committed actions; implemented government employment programs, which lowered the expected cost and changes in approach to accomplish restructuring activities.

Federal-Mogul’s restructuring activities are undertaken as necessary to execute its strategy and streamline operations, consolidate and take advantage of available capacity and resources, and ultimately achieve net cost reductions. Restructuring activities include efforts to integrate and rationalize Federal-Mogul’s businesses and to relocate manufacturing operations to best cost markets. These activities generally fall into one of the following categories:

1. Closure of Facilities and Relocation of Production — in connection with Federal-Mogul’s strategy, certain operations have been closed and related production relocated to best cost countries or to other locations with available capacity.
2. Consolidation of Administrative Functions and Standardization of Manufacturing Processes — as part of its productivity strategy, Federal-Mogul has acted to consolidate its administrative functions to reduce selling, general and administrative costs and change its manufacturing processes to improve operating efficiencies through standardization of processes.

An unprecedented downturn in the global automotive industry and global financial markets led Federal-Mogul to announce, in September and December 2008, certain restructuring actions, herein referred to as “Restructuring 2009,” designed to improve operating performance and respond to increasingly challenging conditions in the global automotive market. This plan, when combined with other workforce adjustments, is expected to reduce Federal-Mogul’s global workforce by approximately 8,600 positions when compared with Federal-Mogul’s workforce as of September 30, 2008. Federal-Mogul expects to incur additional restructuring charges, primarily related to facility closure costs, up to $5 million through the fiscal year ending December 31, 2010, of which $2 million are expected to be employee costs and $3 million are expected to be facility closure costs. As the majority of the Restructuring 2009 costs are related to severance, such activities are expected to yield future annual savings at least equal to the incurred costs. Total cumulative restructuring charges related to Restructuring 2009 through March 31, 2010 were $158 million.

Federal-Mogul expects to finance its restructuring programs over the next several years through cash generated from its ongoing operations or through cash available under its debt agreements, subject to the terms of applicable covenants. Federal-Mogul does not expect that the execution of these programs will have an adverse impact on its liquidity position.

As of December 31, 2009, the accrued liability balance relating to restructuring programs was $55 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, Federal-Mogul incurred $1 million and $38 million of restructuring charges, respectively, and paid $12 million of restructuring charges for the three months ended March 31, 2010. As of March 31, 2010, the accrued liability balance was $42 million, including $2 million of foreign currency adjustments, and is included in accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheet.

Currency Matters

Federal-Mogul has operated an aftermarket distribution center in Venezuela for several years, supplying imported replacement automotive parts to the local independent aftermarket. Since 2005, two exchange rates have existed in Venezuela: the official rate, which has been frozen since 2005 at 2.15 bolivars per U.S. dollar; and the parallel rate, which floats at a rate much higher than the official rate. Given the existence of the

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3. Operating Units  – (continued)

two rates in Venezuela, Federal-Mogul deemed the official rate was appropriate for the purpose of conversion into U.S. dollars at December 31, 2009 based on no positive intent to repatriate cash at the parallel rate and demonstrated ability to repatriate cash at the official rate.

Near the end of fiscal 2009, the three-year cumulative inflation rate for Venezuela was above 100%, which requires the Venezuelan operation to report its results as though the U.S. dollar is its functional currency in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 830, Foreign Currency Matters, commencing January 1, 2010 (“inflationary accounting”). The impact of this transition to a U.S. dollar functional currency is that any change in the U.S. dollar value of bolivar denominated monetary assets and liabilities must be recognized directly in earnings.

On January 8, 2010, the official exchange rate was set by the Venezuelan government at 4.3 bolivars per U.S. dollar, except for certain “strategic industries” that are permitted to repatriate U.S. dollars at the rate of 2.6 bolivars per U.S. dollar. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, Federal-Mogul recorded $20 million in foreign currency exchange expense due to this change in the exchange rate. Based upon recent fiscal 2010 cash repatriations of cash, Federal-Mogul believes that all amounts currently submitted to the Venezuelan government for repatriation will be paid out at the “strategic” rate, with the remaining monetary assets being converted at the official rate of 4.3.

Impairment

Federal-Mogul recorded $4 million in impairment charges during the three months ended March 31, 2010 related to certain of its equipment where the assessment of future undiscounted cash flows of such equipment, when compared to the current carrying value of the equipment, indicated the assets were not recoverable. Federal-Mogul determined the fair value of the assets by applying a probability weighted, expected present value technique to the estimated future cash flows using assumptions a market participant would utilize. The discount rate used is consistent with other long-lived asset fair value measurements.

c. Railcar

We conduct our Railcar segment through our majority ownership in ARI. ARI manufactures railcars, custom designed railcar parts and other industrial products, primarily aluminum and special alloy steel castings. These products are sold to various types of companies including leasing companies, railroads, industrial companies and other non-rail companies. ARI also provides railcar maintenance services for railcar fleets, including that of its affiliate, American Railcar Leasing LLC (“ARL”). In addition, ARI provides fleet management and maintenance services for railcars owned by certain customers. Such services include inspecting and supervising the maintenance and repair of such railcars.

ARI’s two largest customers (including an affiliate) accounted for 62% and 77%, respectively, of total manufacturing operations and services revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009.

d. Food Packaging

We conduct our Food Packaging segment through our majority ownership in Viskase. Viskase is a worldwide leader in the production and sale of cellulosic, fibrous and plastic casings for the processed meat and poultry industry. Viskase currently operates seven manufacturing facilities and nine distribution centers throughout North America, Europe and South America and derives approximately 68% of total net sales from customers located outside the United States. Viskase believes it is one of the two largest manufacturers of non-edible cellulosic casings for processed meats and one of the three largest manufacturers of non-edible fibrous casings. Viskase also manufactures heat-shrinkable plastic bags for the meat, poultry and cheese industry. As of March 31, 2010, $116 million of Viskase’s assets were located outside of the United States, primarily in France.

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3. Operating Units  – (continued)

e. Metals

We conduct our Metals segment through our indirect wholly owned subsidiary, PSC Metals, Inc. (“PSC Metals”). PSC Metals collects industrial and obsolete scrap metal, processes it into reusable forms and supplies the recycled metals to its customers including electric-arc furnace mills, integrated steel mills, foundries, secondary smelters and metals brokers. PSC Metals’ ferrous products include shredded, sheared and bundled scrap metal and other purchased scrap metal such as turnings (steel machining fragments), cast furnace iron and broken furnace iron. PSC Metals also processes non-ferrous metals including aluminum, copper, brass, stainless steel and nickel-bearing metals. Non-ferrous products are a significant raw material in the production of aluminum and copper alloys used in manufacturing. PSC Metals also operates a secondary products business that includes the supply of secondary plate and structural grade pipe that is sold into niche markets for counterweights, piling and foundations, construction materials and infrastructure end-markets.

PSC Metals had five and four customers who accounted for approximately 48% and 30%, respectively, of PSC Metals’ net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

f. Real Estate

Our Real Estate segment consists of rental real estate, property development and resort activities.

As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, we owned 30 rental real estate properties. Our property development operations are run primarily through Bayswater, a real estate investment, management and development subsidiary that focuses primarily on the construction and sale of single-family and multi-family homes, lots in subdivisions and planned communities and raw land for residential development. Our New Seabury development property in Cape Cod, Massachusetts and our Grand Harbor and Oak Harbor development property in Vero Beach, Florida each include land for future residential development of approximately 327 and 870 units of residential housing, respectively. Both developments operate golf and resort operations as well.

In February 2010, our Real Estate operations acquired from Fontainebleau Las Vegas, LLC (“Fontainebleau”) and certain affiliated entities, certain assets associated with property and improvements (the “Former Fontainebleau Property”) located in Las Vegas, Nevada for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $148 million. The Former Fontainebleau Property includes (i) an unfinished building of approximately nine million square feet situated on approximately 25 acres of land and (ii) inventory.

On February 10, 2010, we completed a fair value study on the Former Fontainebleau Property. Fair value was determined using “as is” cost and comparable market sales approaches. The total fair value of the Former Fontainebleau Property was valued at approximately $200 million, of which $91 million related to land. Based on the relative fair market value of all the assets of the Former Fontainebleau Property, of the aggregate purchase price of $148 million, $64 million was allocated to land and $84 million was allocated to construction in progress.

As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, $109 million and $110 million, respectively, of the net investment in financing leases, net real estate leased to others and resort properties, which is included in property, plant and equipment, net, were pledged to collateralize the payment of nonrecourse mortgages payable.

g. Home Fashion

We conduct our Home Fashion segment through our majority ownership in WestPoint International, Inc. (“WPI”), a manufacturer and distributor of home fashion consumer products. WPI is engaged in the business of manufacturing, sourcing, designing, marketing and distributing home fashion consumer products. WPI markets a broad range of manufactured and sourced bed, bath, basic bedding and kitchen textile products, including, sheets, pillowcases, comforters, flocked blankets, woven blankets and throws, heated blankets,

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3. Operating Units  – (continued)

quilts, bedspreads, duvet covers, bed pillows, mattress pads, bath and beach towels, bath rugs, kitchen towels and kitchen accessories. WPI recognizes revenue primarily through the sale of home fashion products to a variety of retail and institutional customers. In addition, WPI receives a small portion of its revenues through the licensing of its trademarks.

A relatively small number of customers have historically accounted for a significant portion of WPI’s net sales. WPI had seven and six customers who accounted for approximately 65% and 58%, respectively, of WPI’s net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Restructuring

To improve WPI’s competitive position, WPI management intends to continue to reduce its cost of goods sold by restructuring its operations in the plants located in the United States, increasing production within its non-U.S. facilities and joint venture operation and sourcing goods from lower cost overseas facilities. WPI utilizes a third party to manage the majority of its U.S. warehousing and distribution operations, located at its Wagram, North Carolina facility. In fiscal 2009, as part of its ongoing restructuring activities, WPI announced the closure of certain of its manufacturing facilities located in the United States. In the future, the vast majority of the products currently manufactured or fabricated in these facilities will be sourced from plants located outside of the United States. As of March 31, 2010, $161 million of WPI’s assets were located outside of the United States, primarily in Bahrain.

WPI incurred restructuring costs of $3 million and $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Included in restructuring expenses are cash charges associated with the ongoing costs of closed plants, employee severance, benefits and related costs and transition expenses. The amount of accrued restructuring costs at December 31, 2009 was $1 million. WPI paid $3 million of restructuring charges for the three months ended March 31, 2010. As of March 31, 2010, the accrued liability balance was $1 million, which is included in accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheet.

Total cumulative restructuring charges from August 8, 2005 (acquisition date) through March 31, 2010 were $80 million.

WPI anticipates incurring restructuring costs in fiscal 2010 relating to the current restructuring plan of $11 million primarily related to the continuing costs of its closed facilities, employee severance, benefits and related costs and transition expenses. Restructuring costs could be affected by, among other things, WPI’s decision to accelerate or delay its restructuring efforts. As a result, actual costs incurred could vary materially from these anticipated amounts.

4. Related Party Transactions

Our amended and restated agreement of limited partnership expressly permits us to enter into transactions with our general partner or any of its affiliates, including, without limitation, buying or selling properties from or to our general partner and any of its affiliates and borrowing and lending money from or to our general partner and any of its affiliates, subject to limitations contained in our partnership agreement and the Delaware Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act. The indentures governing our indebtedness contain certain covenants applicable to transactions with affiliates.

a. Investment Management

Until August 8, 2007, Icahn Management LP (“Icahn Management”) elected to defer most of the management fees from the Offshore Funds and such amounts remain invested in the Offshore Funds. At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the balance of the deferred management fees payable (included in accrued expenses and other liabilities) by the Offshore Funds to Icahn Management was each $125 million. The deferred management fee payable increased by an immaterial amount and $7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, due to the performance of the Private Funds.

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4. Related Party Transactions  – (continued)

Effective January 1, 2008, Icahn Capital LP (“Icahn Capital”) paid for salaries and benefits of certain employees who may also perform various functions on behalf of certain other entities beneficially owned by Carl C. Icahn (collectively, “Icahn Affiliates”), including administrative and investment services. Prior to January 1, 2008, Icahn & Co. LLC paid for such services. Under a separate expense-sharing agreement, Icahn Capital charged Icahn Affiliates $0.3 million and $0.4 million for such services for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet each included $1 million to be applied to Icahn Capital’s charges to Icahn Affiliates for services to be provided to them.

In addition to our direct investments in the Private Funds, Carl C. Icahn, along with his affiliates, makes investments in the Private Funds. These investments are not subject to special profits interest allocations or incentive allocations. As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the total fair value of these investments was approximately $1.7 billion and $1.5 billion, respectively.

b. Railcar

As described in Note 2, “Acquisitions,” in January 2010, we acquired a controlling interest in ARI from affiliates of Mr. Icahn. As a result of this acquisition, we have the following related party transactions:

Agreements with ACF Industries LLC and American Railcar Leasing LLC

ARI has or had various agreements with ACF Industries LLC (“ACF”) and ARL, companies controlled by Mr. Icahn. The most significant agreements include the following:

Under the manufacturing services agreement entered into in 1994 and amended in 2005, ACF agreed to manufacture and distribute, at ARI’s instruction, various railcar components. In consideration for these services, ARI agreed to pay ACF based on certain agreed-upon rates. In the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, ARI purchased inventory of $1 million and $8 million, respectively, of components from ACF. The agreement automatically renews unless written notice is provided by ARI.

In May 2007, ARI entered into a manufacturing agreement with ACF, pursuant to which ARI agreed to purchase approximately 1,390 tank railcars from ACF. The profit realized by ARI upon sale of the tank railcars to ARI customers was first paid to ACF in reimbursement for the start-up costs involved in implementing the manufacturing arrangements evidenced by the agreement and thereafter, the profit was split evenly between ARI and ACF. The commitment under this agreement was satisfied in March 2009 and the agreement was terminated at that time. For the three months ended March 31, 2010, ARI incurred no costs under this agreement. For the three months ended March 31, 2009, ARI incurred costs under this agreement of $4 million in connection with railcars that were manufactured and delivered to customers during that period, which includes payments made to ACF for its share of the profits along with ARI costs. ARI recognized no revenue under this agreement for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and recognized revenues of $19 million related to railcars shipped under this agreement for the three months ended March 31, 2009.

Effective as of January 1, 2008, ARI entered into a fleet services agreement with ARL, which replaced a 2005 railcar servicing agreement between the parties. The 2008 agreement reflects a reduced level of fleet management services, relating primarily to logistics management services, for which ARL now pays a fixed monthly fee. Additionally, under the agreement, ARI continues to provide railcar repair and maintenance services to ARL for a charge of labor, components and materials. ARI currently provides such repair and maintenance services for approximately 26,800 railcars for ARL. The agreement extends through December 31, 2010, and is automatically renewable for additional one-year periods unless either party gives at

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4. Related Party Transactions  – (continued)

least 60 days’ prior notice of termination. There is no termination fee if ARI elects to terminate the new agreement. For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, revenues of $3 million and $4 million, respectively, were recorded under this agreement. Profit margins on sales to related parties approximate the margins on sales to other large customers.

ARI from time to time manufactures and sells railcars to ARL under long-term agreements as well as on a purchase order basis. Revenue from railcars sold to ARL was $13 million and $48 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, ARI had accounts receivable of $4 million and $1 million, respectively, due from ACF and ARL.

c. Food Packaging

As described in Note 2, “Acquisitions,” in January 2010 we acquired a controlling interest in Viskase from affiliates of Mr. Icahn. As a result of this acquisition, we have the following related party transactions:

Arnos Corporation, an affiliate of Mr. Icahn, was the lender on Viskase’s Revolving Credit Facility as of December 31, 2009. In connection with our majority acquisition of Viskase on January 15, 2010, we assumed the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility from Arnos Corporation. See Note 11, “Debt — Viskase,” for further discussion regarding Viskase’s Revolving Credit Facility.

d. Administrative Services — Holding Company

For each of the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, we paid an affiliate approximately $0.5 for the non-exclusive use of office space.

For each of the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, we paid $0.1 million and $0.2, respectively, to XO Holdings, Inc., an affiliate of Icahn Enterprises GP, our general partner, for telecommunications services.

The Holding Company provided certain professional services to an Icahn Affiliate for which it charged approximately $0.5 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009. As of March 31, 2010, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet included $0.4 million to be applied to the Holding Company’s charges to the affiliate for services to be provided to it.

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5. Investments and Related Matters

a. Investment Management

Investments, and securities sold, not yet purchased consist of equities, bonds, bank debt and other corporate obligations, and derivatives, all of which are reported at fair value in our consolidated balance sheets. The following table summarizes the Private Funds’ investments, securities sold, not yet purchased and unrealized gains and losses on derivatives (in millions of dollars):

       
  March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
     Amortized
Cost
  Carrying
Value
  Amortized
Cost
  Carrying
Value
     (in millions)
Assets
                                   
Investments:
                                   
Equity Securities:
                                   
Communications   $ 1,792     $ 1,163     $ 1,710     $ 1,131  
Consumer, non-cyclical     1,661       1,743       1,397       1,320  
Consumer, cyclical     406       334       274       117  
Energy     80       77              
Financial     8             226       269  
Technology     83       93       62       71  
Other                 2        
       4,030       3,410       3,671       2,908  
Corporate debt:
                                   
Consumer, cyclical     728       690       651       642  
Financial     991       1,220       1,146       1,373  
       1,719       1,910       1,797       2,015  
Mortgage-backed securities:
                                   
Financial     151       194       140       168  
       5,900       5,514       5,608       5,091  
Unrealized gains on derivative contracts, at fair
value(1):
          9       2       6  
     $ 5,900     $ 5,523     $ 5,610     $ 5,097  
Liabilities
                                   
Securities sold, not yet purchased:
                                   
Consumer, cyclical   $ 144     $ 195     $ 302     $ 323  
Financial     108       103       125       114  
Funds     1,014       1,220       1,384       1,598  
       1,266       1,518       1,811       2,035  
Unrealized losses on derivative contracts, at fair
value(2):
    18       73       24       111  
     $ 1,284     $ 1,591     $ 1,835     $ 2,146  

(1) Amounts are included in other assets in our consolidated balance sheets.
(2) Amounts are included in accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

5. Investments and Related Matters  – (continued)

The General Partners adopted FASB ASC Topic paragraph 946-810-45, Financial Services — Investment Companies — Consolidation — Other Presentation Matters, as of January 1, 2007. FASB ASC Topic paragraph 946-810-45 provides guidance on whether investment company accounting should be retained in the financial statements of a parent entity. Upon the adoption of FASB ASC Topic paragraph 946-810-45, the General Partners lost their ability to retain specialized accounting. For those investments that (i) were deemed to be available-for-sale securities, (ii) fall outside the scope of FAS ASC Topic 320, Investments — Debt and Equity Securities, or (iii) the Private Funds would otherwise account for under the equity method, the Private Funds apply the fair value option. The application of the fair value option is irrevocable.

The Private Funds assess the applicability of equity method accounting with respect to their investments based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative factors, including overall stock ownership of the Private Funds combined with those of affiliates of Icahn Enterprises.

The Private Funds applied the fair value option to certain of its investments that would have otherwise been subject to the equity method of accounting. As of March 31, 2010, the fair value of these investments was $199 million. Included in this amount is the Private Funds’ investment in Tropicana Entertainment Inc. (“Tropicana”) as discussed below. For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Private Funds recorded losses of $18 million and $6 million, respectively, with respect to these investments. Such amounts are included in net gain (loss) from investment activities in the consolidated statements of operations.

We believe that these investments to which we applied the fair value option are not material, individually or in the aggregate, to our consolidated financial statements. Tropicana is a registered SEC reporting company whose financial statements are available at www.sec.gov.

On March 8, 2010, (the “Effective Date”), Tropicana completed the acquisition of certain assets of its predecessor, Tropicana Entertainment, LLC, (“Tropicana LLC”), and certain subsidiaries and affiliates thereof (together, the “Predecessors”) and Tropicana Resort and Casino-Atlantic City (“Tropicana AC”). Such transactions, referred to as the “Restructuring Transactions,” were effected pursuant to the Joint Plan of Reorganization of Tropicana Entertainment, LLC and Certain of Its Debtor Affiliates Under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code, filed with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware on January 8, 2009, as amended (the “Plan”). Prior to the Restructuring Transactions, the Private Funds held positions in certain debt securities and instruments in the Predecessors. As a result of the Restructuring Transactions pursuant to the Plan, the Private Funds received a combined amount of 11,880,021 shares of Tropicana (“Tropicana Shares”). In addition, in connection with Tropicana’s completion of the Restructuring Transactions, Tropicana entered into a credit agreement, dated as of December 29, 2009 (the “Exit Facility”). The Private Funds are lenders under the Exit Facility, and in the aggregate, hold over 50% of the loans under the Exit Facility. Furthermore, Icahn Agency Services LLC, an indirect subsidiary of Icahn Enterprises, is the administrative agent under the Exit Facility. Pursuant to the terms of the Exit Facility, the lenders, including the Private Funds, were issued warrants to purchase Tropicana Shares (the “Warrants”). On March 9, 2010, the Private Funds exercised their Warrants in their entirety and received an additional combined amount of 784,158 Tropicana Shares.

As of March 31, 2010, the Private Funds hold, in the aggregate, 12,664,179 Tropicana Shares, representing 48.8% of the outstanding shares of Tropicana. The Private Funds have applied the fair value option to their investment in Tropicana as of March 31, 2010.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

5. Investments and Related Matters  – (continued)

Investments in Variable Interest Entities

As discussed in Note 1, “Description of Business and Basis of Presentation — Adoption of New Accounting Standards,” in February 2010, the FASB issued new guidance which amends the consolidation requirement of VIEs for certain entities meeting certain criteria. We determined that the General Partners met the criteria for the deferral of this new consolidation guidance. Accordingly, our Investment Management segment will continue to apply the overall guidance on the consolidation of VIEs prior to the issuance of the new standard as described in Note 1.

The General Partners consolidate certain VIEs when they are determined to be their primary beneficiary, either directly or indirectly through other consolidated subsidiaries. The assets of the consolidated VIEs are primarily classified within cash and cash equivalents and investments in the consolidated balance sheets. The liabilities of the consolidated VIEs are primarily classified within securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value, and accrued expenses and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets and are non-recourse to the General Partners’ general credit. Any creditors of VIEs do not have recourse against the general credit of the General Partners solely as a result of our including these VIEs in our consolidated financial statements.

The consolidated VIEs consist of the Offshore Fund, Masterfund II and Masterfund III. The Offshore GP sponsored the formation of and manages each of these VIEs and, in some cases, has an investment therein. In evaluating whether the Offshore GP is the primary beneficiary of such VIEs, the Offshore GP has considered the nature and extent of its involvement with such VIEs and whether it absorbs the majority of losses among other variable interest holders, including those variable interest holders who are deemed related parties or de facto agents. In most cases, the Offshore GP was deemed to be the primary beneficiary of such VIEs because it (i) has the direct or indirect ability through voting rights or similar rights to make decisions about VIE’s activities that have a significant effect on its success and (ii) would absorb the majority of expected losses among other variable interest holders and its close association with such VIEs, including the ability to direct the business activities of such VIEs.

We evaluated the VIE and primary beneficiary status of Icahn Partners Master Fund LP and determined that it no longer is a VIE. Previously, Icahn Partners Master Fund LP was considered to be a VIE because (i) the managing general partner, Icahn Offshore GP, had substantially all of the decision-making rights that impacted Icahn Partners Master Fund LP’s operations and investment activities but did not absorb the majority of the residuals or losses of Icahn Partners Master Fund LP and (ii) substantially all of the activities of Icahn Partners Master Fund LP were conducted on behalf of Icahn Fund Ltd. Icahn Fund Ltd. provided substantially all of the capital at the commencement of Icahn Partners Master Fund LP’s operations but had no substantive kick-out or participating rights. However, the composition of the limited partners in Icahn Partners Master Fund LP has changed. Based on our evaluation, we determined that Icahn Partners Master Fund LP is no longer a VIE because substantially all of the activities of Icahn Partners Master Fund LP are no longer deemed to be performed for the primary benefit of Icahn Fund Ltd, but rather for the benefit of all limited partners, including those of their related party groups and de facto agents. However, because Icahn Offshore LP is the managing general partner of Icahn Partners Master Fund LP, it would consolidate it. These changes had no effect on our consolidated financial statements.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

5. Investments and Related Matters  – (continued)

The following table presents information regarding interests in VIEs for which the Offshore GP holds a variable interest as of March 31, 2010 (in millions of dollars):

         
  Offshore GP
is the Primary Beneficiary
  Offshore GP
is not the Primary Beneficiary
     Net Assets   Offshore GP’s Interests(1)   Pledged Collateral(2)   Net Assets   Offshore GP’s Interests(1)
Offshore Funds, Masterfund II and Masterfund III   $ 2,254     $ 42     $ 986     $ 649     $ 5  

(1) Amount principally represents the Offshore GP’s reinvested incentive allocations and therefore its maximum exposure to loss. Such amounts are subject to the financial performance of the Offshore Funds, Masterfund II and Masterfund III and are included in the Offshore GP’s net assets.
(2) Includes collateral pledged in connection with securities sold, not yet purchased, derivative contracts and collateral held for securities loaned. Pledged amounts may be in excess of margin requirements.

b. Automotive, Railcar, Holding Company and Other

Investments held by our Automotive, Railcar, Holding Company and other segments consist of the following (in millions of dollars):

       
  March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
     Amortized
Cost
  Carrying
Value
  Amortized
Cost
  Carrying
Value
Marketable equity and debt securities – available for sale   $ 23     $ 26     $ 23     $ 23  
Equity method investments and other     278       278       291       291  
Total investments   $ 301     $ 304     $ 314     $ 314  

Investments in Non-Consolidated Affiliates

a. Automotive

Federal-Mogul maintains investments in 14 non-consolidated affiliates, which are located in China, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. Federal-Mogul’s direct ownership in such affiliates ranges from approximately 1% to 50%. The aggregate investments in these affiliates were $216 million and $238 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

Equity earnings from non-consolidated affiliates were $7 million and less than $1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, which are included in other income, net in our consolidated financial statements. For the three months ended March 31, 2010, these entities generated sales of $147 million, net income of $17 million, and at March 31, 2010 had total net assets of approximately $454 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2009, these entities generated sales of $89 million and net income of approximately $3 million. Distributed dividends to Federal-Mogul from non-consolidated affiliates were $20 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010. Distributed dividends to Federal-Mogul were not material for the three months ended March 31, 2009.

Federal-Mogul holds a 50% non-controlling interest in a joint venture located in Turkey. This joint venture was established in 1995 for the purpose of manufacturing and marketing automotive parts, including pistons, piston rings, piston pins, and cylinder liners to OE and aftermarket customers. Pursuant to the joint venture agreement, Federal-Mogul’s partner holds an option to put its shares to a subsidiary of Federal-Mogul’s at the higher of the current fair value or at a guaranteed minimum amount. The term of the contingent guarantee is indefinite, consistent with the terms of the joint venture agreement. However, the contingent guarantee would not survive termination of the joint venture agreement.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

5. Investments and Related Matters  – (continued)

The guaranteed minimum amount represents a contingent guarantee of the initial investment of the joint venture partner and can be exercised at the discretion of the partner. As of March 31, 2010, the total amount of the contingent guarantee, should all triggering events have occurred, approximated $58 million. Federal-Mogul believes that this contingent guarantee is substantially less than the estimated current fair value of the guarantees’ interest in the affiliate. As such, the contingent guarantee does not give rise to a contingent liability and, as a result, no amount is recorded for this guarantee. If this put option were exercised, the consideration paid and net assets acquired would be accounted for in accordance with business combination accounting.

Any value in excess of the guaranteed minimum amount of the put option would be the subject of negotiation between Federal-Mogul and its joint venture partner.

Federal-Mogul has determined that its investments in Chinese joint venture arrangements are considered to be “limited-lived” as such entities have specified durations ranging from 30 to 50 years pursuant to regional statutory regulations. In general, these arrangements call for extension, renewal or liquidation at the discretion of the parties to the arrangement at the end of the term of the contractual agreement. Accordingly, a reasonable assessment cannot be made as to the impact of such arrangements on the future liquidity position of Federal-Mogul.

b. Railcar

As of March 31, 2010, ARI was party to four joint ventures which are all accounted for using the equity method. ARI determined that, although these joint ventures are considered VIEs, it is not the primary beneficiary of such VIEs, does not have a controlling financial interest and does not have the power to individually direct the activities of the VIEs that most significantly impact their economic performance. The significant factors in this determination were that no partners, including ARI, has rights to the majority of returns, losses or votes.

The risk of loss to ARI is limited to its investment in these joint ventures, certain loans due from these joint ventures to ARI and ARI’s guarantee of certain loans. As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the carrying amount of these investments was $50 million and $41 million, respectively, and the maximum exposure to loss was $51 million and $42 million, respectively. Maximum exposure to loss was determined based on ARI’s carrying amounts in such investments, loans and accrued interest thereon due from applicable joint ventures and loan guarantees made to the applicable joint ventures.

6. Fair Value Measurements

U.S. GAAP requires enhanced disclosures about investments that are measured and reported at fair value and has established a hierarchal disclosure framework that prioritizes and ranks the level of market price observability used in measuring investments at fair value. Market price observability is impacted by a number of factors, including the type of investment and the characteristics specific to the investment. Investments with readily available active quoted prices or for which fair value can be measured from actively quoted prices generally will have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment used in measuring fair value.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

6. Fair Value Measurements  – (continued)

Investments measured and reported at fair value are classified and disclosed in one of the following categories:

Level 1 — Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical investments as of the reporting date. The types of investments included in Level 1 include listed equities and listed derivatives. We do not adjust the quoted price for these investments, even in situations where we hold a large position.

Level 2 — Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date, and fair value is determined through the use of models or other valuation methodologies. Investments that are generally included in this category include corporate bonds and loans, less liquid and restricted equity securities and certain over-the-counter derivatives. The inputs and assumptions of our Level 2 investments are derived from market observable sources including: reported trades, broker/dealer quotes and other pertinent data.

Level 3 — Pricing inputs are unobservable for the investment and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the investment. The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation. Fair value is determined using comparable market transactions and other valuation methodologies, adjusted as appropriate for liquidity, credit, market and/or other risk factors.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, an investment’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the investment.

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ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

6. Fair Value Measurements  – (continued)

The following table summarizes the valuation of the Private Funds’ investments by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 (in millions of dollars):

Investment Management

               
  March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
     Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total
     (in millions)
Assets
                                                                       
Investments:
                                                                       
Equity securities:
                                                                       
Communications   $ 1,163     $     $     $ 1,163     $ 1,131     $     $     $ 1,131  
Consumer, non-cyclical     1,743                   1,743       1,298       22             1,320  
Consumer, cyclical     132       202             334       109       8             117  
Energy     50       27             77                          
Financial                             268       1             269  
Technology     93                   93       69       2             71  
       3,181       229             3,410       2,875       33             2,908  
Corporate debt:
                                                                       
Consumer, cyclical           244       446       690             414       228       642  
Financial           1,220             1,220             1,373             1,373  
             1,464       446       1,910             1,787       228       2,015  
Mortgage-backed securities:
                                                                       
Financial           194             194             168             168  
       3,181       1,887       446       5,514       2,875       1,988       228       5,091  
Unrealized gains on derivative contracts, at fair value(1):           9             9             6             6  
     $ 3,181     $ 1,896     $ 446     $ 5,523     $ 2,875     $ 1,994     $ 228     $ 5,097  
Liabilities
                                                                       
Securities sold, not yet purchased:
                                                                       
Consumer, cyclical   $ 195     $     $     $ 195     $ 323     $     $     $ 323  
Financial     103                   103       114                   114  
Funds     1,220                   1,220       1,598                   1,598  
       1,518                   1,518       2,035                   2,035  
Unrealized losses on derivative contracts, at fair value(2):           73             73             111             111  
     $ 1,518     $ 73     $     $ 1,591     $ 2,035     $ 111     $     $ 2,146  

(1) Amounts are included in other assets in our consolidated balance sheets.
(2) Amounts are included in accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

6. Fair Value Measurements  – (continued)

The changes in investments measured at fair value for which the Investment Management operations has used Level 3 input to determine fair value are as follows (in millions of dollars):

 
Balance at December 31, 2009   $ 228  
Gross realized and unrealized losses      
Gross proceeds     (1 ) 
Gross purchases     219  
Balance at March 31, 2010   $ 446  

There were no unrealized losses included in earnings related to Level 3 investments still held at March 31, 2010. Total realized and unrealized gains and losses recorded for Level 3 investments, if any, are reported in net gain (loss) from investment activities in the consolidated statements of operations.

Automotive, Railcar, Holding Company and Other

           
  March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
     Level 1   Level 2   Total   Level 1   Level 2   Total
Assets
                                                     
Marketable equity and debt securities   $ 26     $     $ 26     $ 23     $     $ 23  
Unrealized gain on derivative contracts, at fair value(1)           12       12             13       13  
     $ 26     $ 12     $ 38     $ 23     $ 13     $ 36  
Liabilities
                                                     
Unrealized loss on derivative contracts, at fair value(2)   $     $ 62     $ 62     $     $ 51     $ 51  

(1) Amounts are classified within other assets in our consolidated balance sheets.
(2) Amounts are classified within accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.

In addition to items that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, there are also assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. As these assets and liabilities are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis, they are not included in the tables above. Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis include certain long-lived assets (see Notes 3, “Operating Units” and Note 9, “Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net”), investments in non-consolidated affiliates (see Note 5, “Investment and Related Matters”) and conditional asset retirement obligations (“CARO”) (see Note 19, “Commitments and Contingencies”). We determined that the fair value measurements included in each of these assets and liabilities rely primarily on our assumptions as unobservable inputs that are not publicly available. As such, we have determined that each of these fair value measurements reside within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

7. Financial Instruments

Certain derivative contracts executed by the Private Funds with a single counterparty or by our Automotive operations with a single counterparty are reported on a net-by-counterparty basis where a legal right of offset exists under an enforceable netting agreement. Values for the derivative financial instruments, principally swaps, forwards, over-the-counter options and other conditional and exchange contracts are reported on a net-by-counterparty basis. As a result, the net exposure to counterparties is reported in either other assets or accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

7. Financial Instruments  – (continued)

a. Investment Management and Holding Company

The Private Funds currently maintain cash deposits and cash equivalents with major financial institutions. Certain account balances may not be covered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, while other accounts may exceed federally insured limits. The Onshore Fund and the Offshore Master Funds have prime broker arrangements in place with multiple prime brokers as well as a custodian bank. These financial institutions are members of major securities exchanges. The Onshore Fund and Offshore Master Funds also have relationships with several financial institutions with which they trade derivative and other financial instruments.

In the normal course of business, the Private Funds trade various financial instruments and enter into certain investment activities, which may give rise to off-balance-sheet risk. Currently, the Private Funds’ investments include futures, options, credit default swaps and securities sold, not yet purchased. These financial instruments represent future commitments to purchase or sell other financial instruments or to exchange an amount of cash based on the change in an underlying instrument at specific terms at specified future dates. Risks arise with these financial instruments from potential counterparty non-performance and from changes in the market values of underlying instruments.

Securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value represent obligations of the Private Funds to deliver the specified security, thereby creating a liability to repurchase the security in the market at prevailing prices. Accordingly, these transactions result in off-balance-sheet risk, as the Private Funds’ satisfaction of the obligations may exceed the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheets. The Private Funds’ investments in securities and amounts due from brokers are partially restricted until the Private Funds satisfy the obligation to deliver the securities sold, not yet purchased.

The Private Funds enter into derivative contracts, including swap contracts, futures contracts and option contracts with the objective of capital appreciation or as economic hedges against other securities or the market as a whole. The Private Funds also enter into foreign currency derivative contracts to economically hedge against foreign currency exchange rate risks on all or a portion of their non-U.S. dollar denominated investments.

The Private Funds and the Holding Company have entered into various types of swap contracts with other counterparties. These agreements provide that they are entitled to receive or are obligated to pay in cash an amount equal to the increase or decrease, respectively, in the value of the underlying shares, debt and other instruments that are the subject of the contracts, during the period from inception of the applicable agreement to its expiration. In addition, pursuant to the terms of such agreements, they are entitled to receive other payments, including interest, dividends and other distributions made in respect of the underlying shares, debt and other instruments during the specified time frame. They are also required to pay to the counterparty a floating interest rate equal to the product of the notional amount multiplied by an agreed-upon rate, and they receive interest on any cash collateral that they post to the counterparty at the federal funds or LIBOR rate in effect for such period.

The Private Funds trade futures contracts. A futures contract is a firm commitment to buy or sell a specified quantity of a standardized amount of a deliverable grade commodity, security, currency or cash at a specified price and specified future date unless the contract is closed before the delivery date. Payments (or variation margin) are made or received by the Private Funds each day, depending on the daily fluctuations in the value of the contract, and the whole value change is recorded as an unrealized gain or loss by the Private Funds. When the contract is closed, the Private Funds record a realized gain or loss equal to the difference between the value of the contract at the time it was opened and the value at the time it was closed.

The Private Funds utilize forward contracts to seek to protect their assets denominated in foreign currencies from losses due to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The Private Funds’ exposure to credit risk

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

7. Financial Instruments  – (continued)

associated with non-performance of forward foreign currency contracts is limited to the unrealized gains or losses inherent in such contracts, which are recognized in unrealized gains or losses on derivative, futures and foreign currency contracts, at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets.

The Private Funds may also purchase and write option contracts. As a writer of option contracts, the Private Funds receive a premium at the outset and then bear the market risk of unfavorable changes in the price of the underlying financial instrument. As a result of writing option contracts, the Private Funds are obligated to purchase or sell, at the holder’s option, the underlying financial instrument. Accordingly, these transactions result in off-balance-sheet risk, as the Private Funds’ satisfaction of the obligations may exceed the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheets. At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the maximum payout amounts relating to written put options were $49 million and $268 million, respectively.

Certain terms of the Private Funds’ contracts with derivative counterparties, which are standard and customary to such contracts, contain certain triggering events that would give the counterparties the right to terminate the derivative instruments. In such events, the counterparties to the derivative instruments could request immediate payment on derivative instruments in net liability positions. The aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features that are in a liability position on March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 was $73 million and $111 million, respectively.

At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the Private Funds had approximately $301 million and $436 million, respectively, posted as collateral for derivative positions, including those derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features; these amounts are included in cash held at consolidated affiliated partnerships and restricted cash within our consolidated balance sheet.

U.S. GAAP requires the disclosure of information about obligations under certain guarantee arrangements. Such guarantee arrangements requiring disclosure include contracts that contingently require the guarantor to make payments to the guaranteed party based on another entity’s failure to perform under an agreement as well as indirect guarantees of the indebtedness of others.

The Private Funds have entered into certain derivative contracts, in the form of credit default swaps, which meet the accounting definition of a guarantee, whereby the occurrence of a credit event with respect to the issuer of the underlying financial instrument may obligate the Private Funds to make a payment to the swap counterparties. As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the Private Funds have entered into such credit default swaps with a maximum notional amount of approximately $32 million and $164 million, respectively, with terms of approximately three years as of March 31, 2010. We estimate that our maximum exposure related to these credit default swaps approximates 35.6% and 33.8% of such notional amounts as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

7. Financial Instruments  – (continued)

The following table presents the notional amount, fair value, underlying referenced credit obligation type and credit ratings for derivative contracts in which the Private Funds are assuming risk (in millions of dollars):

         
  March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009  
Credit Derivative Type Derivative Risk Exposure   Notional
Amount
  Fair Value   Notional
Amount
  Fair Value   Underlying
Reference Obligation
Single name credit default swaps:
                                            
Below investment grade risk exposure   $ 32     $ (3 )    $ 164     $ (16 )      Corporate Credit  

The following table presents the fair values of the Private Funds’ derivatives (in millions of dollars):

       
  Asset Derivatives(1)   Liability Derivatives(2)
Derivatives not designated as
hedging instruments
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
Equity contracts   $ 9     $ 9     $     $  
Credit contracts     21       26       94       140  
Sub-total     30       35       94       140  
Netting across contract types(3)     (21 )      (29 )      (21 )      (29 ) 
Total(4)   $ 9     $ 6     $ 73     $ 111  

(1) Net asset derivatives are located within other assets in our consolidated balance sheets.
(2) Net liability derivatives are located within accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.
(3) Represents the netting of receivables balances with payable balances for the same counterparty across contract types pursuant to netting agreements.
(4) Excludes netting of cash collateral received and posted. The total collateral posted at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 was approximately $301 million and $449 million, respectively, across all counterparties.

The following table presents the effects of the Private Funds’ derivative instruments on the statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 (in millions of dollars):

   
  Three Months Ended
March 31,(1)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments   2010   2009
Interest rate contracts   $     $ 48  
Foreign exchange contracts           1  
Equity contracts     (1 )      (14 ) 
Credit contracts     29       74  
     $ 28     $ 109  

(1) Gains (losses) recognized on the Private Funds’ derivatives are classified in net gain (loss) from investment activities within our consolidated statements of operations.

Each Private Fund’s assets may be held in one or more accounts maintained for the Private Fund by its prime broker or at other brokers or custodian banks, which may be located in various jurisdictions. The prime broker and custodian banks are subject to various laws and regulations in the relevant jurisdictions in the event of their insolvency. Accordingly, the practical effect of these laws and their application to the Private

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

7. Financial Instruments  – (continued)

Fund’s assets may be subject to substantial variations, limitations and uncertainties. The insolvency of any of the prime brokers, custodian banks or clearing corporations may result in the loss of all or a substantial portion of the Private Fund’s assets or in a significant delay in the Private Fund having access to those assets.

Credit concentrations may arise from investment activities and may be impacted by changes in economic, industry or political factors. The Private Funds routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial services industry, resulting in credit concentration with respect to this industry. In the ordinary course of business, the Private Funds may also be subject to a concentration of credit risk to a particular counterparty.

The Private Funds seek to mitigate these risks by actively monitoring exposures, collateral requirements and the creditworthiness of our counterparties.

b. Automotive

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008 (“fiscal 2008”), Federal-Mogul entered into a series of five-year interest rate swap agreements with a total notional value of $1,190 million to hedge the variability of interest payments associated with its variable-rate term loans. Through these swap agreements, Federal-Mogul has fixed its base interest and premium rate at a combined average interest rate of approximately 5.37% on the hedged principal amount of $1,190 million. As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, unrealized net losses of $62 million and $50 million, respectively, were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss as a result of these hedges. As of March 31, 2010, losses of $35 million are expected to be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to the consolidated statement of operations within the next 12 months.

These interest rate swaps reduce Federal-Mogul’s overall interest rate risk. However, due to the remaining outstanding borrowings on Federal-Mogul’s debt agreements that continue to have variable interest rates, management believes that interest rate risk to Federal-Mogul could be material if there are significant adverse changes in interest rates.

Federal-Mogul’s production processes are dependent upon the supply of certain raw materials that are exposed to price fluctuations on the open market. The primary purpose of Federal-Mogul’s commodity price forward contract activity is to manage the volatility associated with these forecasted purchases. Federal-Mogul monitors its commodity price risk exposures regularly to maximize the overall effectiveness of its commodity forward contracts. Principal raw materials hedged include natural gas, copper, nickel, lead, high-grade aluminum and aluminum alloy. Forward contracts are used to mitigate commodity price risk associated with raw materials, generally related to purchases forecast for up to 15 months in the future.

Federal-Mogul had commodity price hedge contracts outstanding with a combined notional value of $38 million and $28 million at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, substantially all of which mature within one year. Of these outstanding contracts, $38 million and $26 million in combined notional values at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, were designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes. Unrealized net losses of $7 million and $5 million were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

Federal-Mogul manufactures and sells its products in North America, South America, Asia, Europe and Africa. As a result, Federal-Mogul’s financial results could be significantly affected by factors such as changes in foreign currency exchange rates or weak economic conditions in foreign markets in which Federal-Mogul manufactures and sells its products. Federal-Mogul’s operating results are primarily exposed to changes in exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and European currencies.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

7. Financial Instruments  – (continued)

Federal-Mogul generally tries to use natural hedges within its foreign currency activities, including the matching of revenues and costs, to minimize foreign currency risk. Where natural hedges are not in place, Federal-Mogul considers managing certain aspects of its foreign currency activities and larger transactions through the use of foreign currency options or forward contracts. Principal currencies hedged have historically included the euro, British pound, Japanese yen and Canadian dollar. Federal-Mogul had notional values of $20 million and $10 million of foreign currency hedge contracts outstanding at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, of which all mature in less than one year and substantially all were designated as hedging instruments for accounting purposes. Immaterial unrealized net gains and losses were recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.

For derivatives designated as cash flow hedges, changes in the time value are excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. Unrealized gains and losses associated with ineffective hedges, determined using the hypothetical derivative method, are recognized in other income, net. Derivative gains and losses included in accumulated other comprehensive loss for effective hedges are reclassified into operations upon recognition of the hedged transaction. Derivative gains and losses associated with undesignated hedges are recognized in other income, net for outstanding hedges and cost of goods sold upon hedge maturity. Federal-Mogul’s undesignated hedges are primarily commodity hedges and such hedges have become undesignated mainly due to forecasted volume declines.

Financial instruments, which potentially subject Federal-Mogul to concentrations of credit risk, consist primarily of accounts receivable and cash investments. Federal-Mogul’s customer base includes virtually every significant global light and commercial vehicle manufacturer and a large number of distributors, retailers and installers of automotive aftermarket parts. Federal-Mogul’s credit evaluation process and the geographical dispersion of sales transactions help to mitigate credit risk concentration. No individual customer accounted for more than 5% of Federal-Mogul’s sales during the three months ended March 31, 2010. Federal-Mogul requires placement of cash in financial institutions evaluated as highly creditworthy.

The following table presents the fair values of Federal-Mogul’s derivative instruments (in millions of dollars):

       
  Asset Derivatives(1)   Liability Derivatives(2)
Derivatives Designated as Cash Flow
Hedging Instruments
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
Interest rate swap contracts   $     $     $ 62     $ 50  
Commodity contracts     8       6       1       1  
     $ 8     $ 6     $ 63     $ 51  

       
Derivatives not Designated as
Hedging Instruments

       
Commodity contracts   $     $ 1     $     $  
     $     $ 1     $     $  

(1) Asset derivatives are located within other assets in our consolidated balance sheets.
(2) Liability derivatives are located within accrued expenses and other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

7. Financial Instruments  – (continued)

The following tables present the effect of Federal-Mogul’s derivative instruments on the consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 (in millions of dollars):

     
                                                         For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010
Derivatives Designated as
Hedging Instruments
  Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivatives
(Effective
Portion)
  Location of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income (Effective
Portion)
  Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income
(Effective
Portion)
Interest rate swap contracts   $ (21 )      Interest expense     $ (9 ) 
Commodity contracts     3       Cost of goods sold       1  
     $ (18 )          $ (8 ) 

  

         
                                                                   For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009
Derivatives Designated as
Hedging Instruments
  Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivatives
(Effective
Portion)
  Location of Gain
(Loss) Reclassified
from AOCI into
Income (Effective
Portion)
  Amount of
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified
from AOCI into Income
(Effective
Portion)
  Location of Gain
Recognized in
Income on Derivatives
(In Effective Portion and
Amount Excluded from
Effectiveness Testing)
  Recognized in
Income on
Derivatives
(Ineffective
Portion and
Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness
Testing)
Interest rate swap contracts   $ (8 )      Interest expense     $ (9 )             $  
Commodity contracts     6       Cost of goods sold       (8 )      Other income, net       1  
Foreign exchange contracts     1       Cost of goods sold       1              
     $ (1 )          $ (16 )          $ 1  

  

     
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments   Location of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on Derivatives
  Gain (Loss) Recognized
on Derivatives
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2010   2009
Commodity contracts     Cost of goods sold     $ 1     $ (2 ) 
Commodity contracts     Other income, net             (3 ) 
           $ 1     $ (5 ) 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

8. Inventories, Net

Our consolidated inventories, net consist of the following (in millions of dollars):

   
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
Raw materials   $ 187     $ 176  
Work in process     175       163  
Finished Goods     697       690  
       1,059       1,029  
Other:
                 
Ferrous     31       30  
Non-ferrous     10       10  
Secondary     20       22  
       61       62  
Total inventories, net   $ 1,120     $ 1,091  

9. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

Goodwill and other intangible assets, net consist of the following (in millions of dollars):

             
    March 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
Description   Amortization Periods   Gross Carrying Amount   Accumulated Amortization   Net Carrying Value   Gross Carrying Amount   Accumulated Amortization   Net Carrying Value
Definite-lived intangible assets:
                                                              
Automotive     1 – 22 years     $ 640     $ (137 )    $ 503     $ 640     $ (125 )    $ 515  
Food Packaging     6 – 13.5 years       23       (10 )      13       23       (9 )      14  
Metals     5 – 15 years       11       (4 )      7       11       (4 )      7  
Real Estate     12 – 12.5 years       121       (16 )      105       121       (14 )      107  
           $ 795     $ (167 )      628     $ 795     $ (152 )      643  
Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
                                                              
Automotive                                354                         354  
Food Packaging                                2                         2  
Home Fashion                       8                   8  
                         364                   364  
Total intangible assets, net                     $ 992                 $ 1,007  
Goodwill:
                                                              
Automotive                              $ 1,073                       $ 1,073  
Railcar                                7                         7  
Food Packaging                       3                   3  
                       $ 1,083                 $ 1,083  

For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, we recorded amortization expense of $15 million and $13 million, respectively, associated with definite-lived intangible assets. We utilize the straight line method of amortization, recognized over the estimated useful lives of the assets.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

9. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net  – (continued)

Food Packaging

As discussed in Note 2, “Acquisitions,” we acquired a majority interest in Viskase on January 15, 2010. As a result of our acquisition of a controlling interest in Viskase, certain long-term assets have been adjusted by a total of $13 million as a result of our required utilization of common control parties’ underlying basis in such assets as of March 31, 2010 as follows: increase of $3 million for goodwill, increase of $14 million for intangible assets and decrease of $4 million for building and equipment.

Metals

Our Metals segment tests indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually as of September 30 or more frequently if it believes indicators of impairment exist. Our Metals segment determines the fair value of its indefinite-lived intangible assets utilizing discounted cash flows. The resultant fair value is compared to its carrying value and an impairment loss is recorded if the carrying value exceeds its fair value.

Our Metals segment’s sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2009 declined significantly as the demand and prices for scrap fell to extremely low levels due to historically low steel mill capacity utilization rates and declines in other sectors of the economy served by our Metals segment. Given the indication of a potential impairment, our Metals segment completed a valuation utilizing discounted cash flows based on current market conditions. This valuation resulted in an impairment loss for goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets of $13 million which was recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2009, eliminating all goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles from our Metals segment’s balance sheet.

10. Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

Property, plant and equipment, net consists of the following (in millions of dollars):

     
  Useful Life   March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
     (years)   (in millions)
Land            $ 364     $ 304  
Buildings and improvements     4 – 40       705       700  
Machinery, equipment and furniture     1 – 25       2,106       2,121  
Assets leased to others              483       484  
Construction in progress           301       229  
                3,959       3,838  
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization           (943 )      (880 ) 
Property, plant and equipment, net         $ 3,016     $ 2,958  

Depreciation and amortization expense related to property, plant and equipment for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was $84 million and $81 million, respectively.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt

Debt consists of the following (in millions of dollars):

   
  March 31,
2010
  December 31,
2009
8% senior unsecured notes due 2018 – Icahn Enterprises   $ 1,142     $  
7.75% senior unsecured notes due 2016 – Icahn Enterprises     845        
Senior unsecured variable rate convertible notes due 2013 – Icahn Enterprises     556       556  
Senior unsecured 7.125% notes due 2013 – Icahn Enterprises           963  
Senior unsecured 8.125% notes due 2012 – Icahn Enterprises           352  
Debt Facilities – Automotive     2,737       2,672  
Senior unsecured notes – Railcar     275       275  
Senior secured notes and revolving credit facility – Food Packaging     174       174  
Mortgages payable     113       114  
Other     79       80  
Total debt   $ 5,921     $ 5,186  

Senior Unsecured Notes — Icahn Enterprises

7.75% Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2016 and 8% Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2018

On January 15, 2010, we and Icahn Enterprises Finance Corp. (“Icahn Enterprises Finance”) (collectively, the “Issuers”), sold $850,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 7.75% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2016 (the “2016 Notes”) and $1,150,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 8% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2018 (the “2018 Notes” and, together with the 2016 Notes, referred to as the “New Notes”) pursuant to the purchase agreement, dated January 12, 2010 (the “Purchase Agreement”), by and among the Issuers, Icahn Enterprises Holdings, as guarantor (the “Guarantor”), and Jefferies & Company, Inc., as initial purchaser (the “Initial Purchaser”). Icahn Enterprises Finance, our wholly owned subsidiary, was formed solely for the purpose of serving as a co-issuer of our debt securities in order to facilitate offerings of the debt securities. The 2016 Notes were priced at 99.411% of their face value and the 2018 Notes were priced at 99.275% of their face value. The gross proceeds from the sale of the New Notes were approximately $1,986,656,000, a portion of which was used to purchase the approximate $1.28 billion in aggregate principal amount (or approximately 97%) of the 2013 Notes and the 2012 Notes, as defined below, that were tendered pursuant to cash tender offers and consent solicitations and to pay related fees and expenses. Interest on the New Notes are payable on January 15 and July 15 of each year, commencing July 15, 2010. The Purchase Agreement contains customary representations, warranties and covenants of the parties and indemnification and contribution provisions whereby the Issuers and the Guarantor, on the one hand, and the Initial Purchaser, on the other, have agreed to indemnify each other against certain liabilities. As described below, the 2012 Notes and 2013 Notes were satisfied and discharged pursuant to their respective indentures on January 15, 2010.

The New Notes were issued under and are governed by an indenture, dated January 15, 2010 (the “Indenture”), among the Issuers, the Guarantor and Wilmington Trust Company, as trustee. The Indenture contains customary events of defaults and covenants relating to, among other things, the incurrence of debt, affiliate transactions, liens and restricted payments. On or after January 15, 2013, the Issuers may redeem all of the 2016 Notes at a price equal to 103.875% of the principal amount of the 2016 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, with such optional redemption prices decreasing to 101.938% on and after January 15, 2014 and 100% on and after January 15, 2015. On or after January 15, 2014, the Issuers may redeem all of the 2018 Notes at a price equal to 104.000% of the principal amount of the 2018 Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, with such option redemption prices decreasing to 102.000% on and after January 15, 2015 and 100%

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt  – (continued)

on and after January 15, 2016. Before January 15, 2013, the Issuers may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of each of the 2016 Notes and 2018 Notes with the net proceeds of certain equity offerings at a price equal to 107.750% and 108.000%, respectively, of the aggregate principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption, provided that at least 65% of the aggregate principal amount of the 2016 Notes or 2018 Notes, as the case may be, originally issued remains outstanding immediately after such redemption. If the Issuers experience a change of control, the Issuers must offer to purchase for cash all or any part of each holder’s New Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the New Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

The New Notes and the related guarantee are the senior unsecured obligations of the Issuers and rank equally with all of the Issuers’ and the Guarantor’s existing and future senior unsecured indebtedness and rank senior to all of the Issuers’ and the Guarantor’s existing and future subordinated indebtedness. The New Notes and the related guarantee are effectively subordinated to the Issuers’ and the Guarantor’s existing and future secured indebtedness to the extent of the collateral securing such indebtedness. The New Notes and the related guarantee are also effectively subordinated to all indebtedness and other liabilities of the Issuers’ subsidiaries other than the Guarantor.

In connection with the sale of the New Notes, the Issuers and the Guarantor entered into a Registration Rights Agreement, dated January 15, 2010 (the “Registration Rights Agreement”), with the Initial Purchaser. Pursuant to the Registration Rights Agreement, the Issuers have agreed to file a registration statement with the SEC, on or prior to 120 calendar days after the closing of the offering of the New Notes, to register an offer to exchange the New Notes for registered notes guaranteed by the Guarantor with substantially identical terms, and to use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the registration statement to become effective by the 210th day after the closing of the offering of the Notes. Additionally, the Issuers and the Guarantor may be required to file a shelf registration statement to cover resales of the New Notes in certain circumstances. If the Issuers and the Guarantor fail to satisfy these obligations, the Issuers may be required to pay additional interest to holders of the New Notes under certain circumstances.

On April 16, 2010, we filed an initial registration statement on Form S-4 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) with respect to the New Notes. The Form S-4 has not yet been declared effective by the SEC. We agreed pursuant to the registration rights agreement to file a registration statement with the SEC no later than May 15, 2010 with respect to the exchange of the New Notes for exchange notes (or the exchange offer registration statement), to use all commercially reasonable efforts to have the exchange offer registration statement declared effective by the SEC on or prior to August 13, 2010 and to thereafter commence the exchange offer to exchange the New Notes for exchange notes that have been registered under the Securities Act.

Senior Unsecured Variable Rate Convertible Notes Due 2013 — Icahn Enterprises

In April 2007, we issued an aggregate of $600 million of variable rate senior convertible notes due 2013 (the “variable rate notes”). The variable rate notes were sold in a private placement pursuant to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act, and issued pursuant to an indenture dated as of April 5, 2007, by and among us, as issuer, Icahn Enterprises Finance, as co-issuer, and Wilmington Trust Company, as trustee. Other than Icahn Enterprises Holdings, no other subsidiaries guarantee payment on the variable rate notes. The variable rate notes bear interest at a rate of three-month LIBOR minus 125 basis points, but the all-in-rate can be no less than 4.0% nor more than 5.5%, and are convertible into our depositary units at a conversion price of $132.595 per depositary unit per $1,000 principal amount, subject to adjustments in certain circumstances. Pursuant to the indenture governing the variable rate notes, on October 5, 2008, the conversion price was adjusted downward to $105.00 per depositary unit per $1,000 principal amount. As of March 31, 2010, the interest rate was 4.0%. The interest on the variable rate notes is payable quarterly on each January 15,

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt  – (continued)

April 15, July 15 and October 15. The variable rate notes mature on August 15, 2013, assuming they have not been converted to depositary units before their maturity date.

In the event that we declare a cash dividend or similar cash distribution in any calendar quarter with respect to our depositary units in an amount in excess of $0.10 per depositary unit (as adjusted for splits, reverse splits and/or stock dividends), the indenture governing the variable rate notes requires that we simultaneously make such distribution to holders of the variable rate notes in accordance with a formula set forth in the indenture. We paid an aggregate cash distribution of approximately $1 million for each of the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, to holders of our variable rate notes in respect to our distributions payment to our depositary unitholders. Such amounts have been classified as interest expense.

Senior Unsecured 7.125% Notes Due 2013

On February 7, 2005, we and Icahn Enterprises Finance co-issued $480 million aggregate principal amount of 7.125% senior unsecured notes due 2013 (the “2013 Notes”), priced at 100% of principal amount. The 2013 Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture dated February 7, 2005 among us, as issuer, Icahn Enterprises Finance, as co-issuer, Icahn Enterprises Holdings, as guarantor, and Wilmington Trust Company, as trustee (referred to herein as the “2013 Notes Indenture”). Other than Icahn Enterprises Holdings, no other subsidiaries guaranteed payment on the notes.

On January 16, 2007, we issued an additional $500 million aggregate principal amount of 2013 Notes priced at 98.4% of par, or at a discount of 1.6%, pursuant to the 2013 Notes Indenture.

The 2013 Notes had a fixed annual interest rate of 7.125%, which was paid every six months on February 15 and August 15, and was due to mature on February 15, 2013.

The 2013 Notes Indenture restricted the ability of Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings, subject to certain exceptions, to, among other things: incur additional debt; pay dividends or make distributions; repurchase units; create liens; and enter into transactions with affiliates.

Effective January 15, 2010, the 2013 Notes Indenture, among the Issuers, the Guarantor and Wilmington Trust Company, as trustee, has been satisfied and discharged in accordance with its terms by the Issuers. The Issuers deposited a total of approximately $1,018 million with Wilmington Trust Company as trustee under the 2013 Notes Indenture and depositary for cash tender offer to repay all accounts outstanding under the 2013 Notes and to satisfy and discharge the 2013 Notes Indenture. Approximately $939 million was deposited with the depositary to purchase the 2013 Notes that were tendered pursuant to the cash tender offer. In connection with the purchase of the tendered 2013 Notes, the Issuers paid total consideration of approximately $988 million, which consisted of: (i) $939 million of base consideration for the aggregate principal amount tendered; (ii) $28 million of accrued and unpaid interest on the tendered 2013 Notes; and (iii) $21 million of consent payments in connection with the solicitation of consents from holders of 2013 Notes to eliminate the incurrence of indebtedness and issuance of preferred stock covenant in the 2013 Notes Indenture. The Issuers also deposited approximately $29 million with the trustee in connection with the redemption of the remaining 2013 Notes.

Senior Unsecured 8.125% Notes Due 2012

On May 12, 2004, we and Icahn Enterprises Finance co-issued senior unsecured 8.125% notes due 2012 (“2012 Notes”) in the aggregate principal amount of $353 million. The 2012 Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated as of May 12, 2004, among Icahn Enterprises, Icahn Enterprises Finance, Icahn Enterprises Holdings, as guarantor, and Wilmington Trust Company, as trustee (the “2012 Notes Indenture”). The 2012 Notes were priced at 99.266% of principal amount and had a fixed annual interest rate of 8.125%, which was paid every six months on June 1 and December 1. The 2012 Notes was due to mature on June 1, 2012. Other than Icahn Enterprises Holdings, no other subsidiaries guarantee payment on the notes.

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ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
  
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt  – (continued)

The 2012 Notes Indenture restricted the ability of Icahn Enterprises and Icahn Enterprises Holdings, subject to certain exceptions, to, among other, things: incur additional debt; pay dividends or make distributions; repurchase units; create liens and enter into transactions with affiliates.

Effective January 15, 2010, the 2012 Notes Indenture, among the Issuers, the Guarantor and Wilmington Trust Company, as trustee, was satisfied and discharged in accordance with its terms by the Issuers. The Issuers deposited a total of approximately $364 million with Wilmington Trust Company as trustee under the 2012 Notes Indenture and depositary for a cash tender offer to repay all amounts outstanding under the 2012 Notes and to satisfy and discharge the 2012 Notes Indenture. Approximately $345 million was deposited with the depositary to purchase the 2012 Notes that were tendered pursuant to the cash tender offer. In connection with the purchase of the tendered 2012 Notes, the Issuers paid total consideration of approximately $355 million, which consisted of: (i) $345 million of base consideration for the aggregate principal amount tendered; (ii) $3 million of accrued and unpaid interest on the tendered 2012 Notes; and (iii) $7 million of consent payments in connection with the solicitation of consents from holders of 2012 Notes to eliminate the incurrence of indebtedness and issuance of preferred stock covenant in the 2012 Notes Indenture. The Issuers also deposited approximately $8 million with the trustee in connection with the redemption of the remaining 2012 Notes.

Senior Unsecured Notes Restrictions and Covenants

The indenture governing the variable rate notes, and the indenture governing both the 2016 Notes and the 2018 Notes, restrict the payment of cash distributions, the purchase of equity interests or the purchase, redemption, defeasance or acquisition of debt subordinated to the senior unsecured notes. The indentures also restrict the incurrence of debt or the issuance of disqualified stock, as defined in the indenture, with certain exceptions. In addition, the indentures require that on each quarterly determination date we and the guarantor of the notes (currently only Icahn Enterprises Holdings) maintain certain minimum financial ratios, as defined in the applicable indenture. The indentures also restrict the creation of liens, mergers, consolidations and sales of substantially all of our assets, and transactions with affiliates. Each of the 2013 Notes Indenture and the 2012 Notes Indenture contained similar restrictions and covenants prior to their termination on June 15, 2010.

As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, we were in compliance with all covenants, including maintaining certain minimum financial ratios, as defined in the applicable indentures. Additionally, as of March 31, 2010, based on certain minimum financial ratios, we and Icahn Enterprises Holdings may incur $793 million in additional indebtedness.

Debt Facilities — Automotive

On December 27, 2007, Federal-Mogul entered into a Term Loan and Revolving Credit Agreement (the “Debt Facilities”) with Citicorp U.S.A. Inc. as Administrative Agent, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as Syndication Agent and certain lenders. The Debt Facilities include a $540 million revolving credit facility (which is subject to a borrowing base and can be increased under certain circumstances and subject to certain conditions) and a $2,960 million term loan credit facility divided into a $1,960 million tranche B loan and a $1,000 million tranche C loan.

The obligations under the revolving credit facility mature December 27, 2013 and bear interest for the six months at LIBOR plus 1.75% or at the alternate base rate (“ABR,” defined as the greater of Citibank, N.A.’s announced prime rate or 0.50% over the Federal Funds Rate) plus 0.75%, and thereafter shall be adjusted in accordance with a pricing grid based on availability under the revolving credit facility. Interest rates on the pricing grid range from LIBOR plus 1.50% to LIBOR plus 2.00% and ABR plus 0.50% to ABR plus 1.00%. The tranche B term loans mature December 27, 2014 and the tranche C term loans mature December 27, 2015. The tranche C term loans are subject to a pre-payment premium, should Federal-Mogul choose to prepay the loans prior to December 27, 2011. All Debt Facilities term loans bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.9375% or at ABR plus 0.9375% at Federal-Mogul’s election.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt  – (continued)

During fiscal 2008, Federal-Mogul entered into a series of five-year interest rate swap agreements with a total notional value of $1,190 million to hedge the variability of interest payments associated with its variable rate term loans under the Debt Facilities. Through these swap agreements, Federal-Mogul has fixed its base interest and premium rate at a combined average interest rate of approximately 5.37% on the hedged principal amount of $1,190 million. Since the interest rate swaps hedge the variability of interest payments on variable rate debt with the same terms, they qualify for cash flow hedge accounting treatment.

Federal-Mogul had $50 million of letters of credit outstanding at each of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, all of which pertain to the term loan credit facility. As of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the borrowing availability under the revolving credit facility was $493 million and $470 million, respectively.

The obligations of Federal-Mogul under the Debt Facilities are guaranteed by substantially all of its domestic subsidiaries and certain foreign subsidiaries, and are secured by substantially all personal property and certain real property of Federal-Mogul and such guarantors, subject to certain limitations. The liens granted to secure these obligations and certain cash management and hedging obligations have first priority.

The Debt Facilities contain certain affirmative and negative covenants and events of default, including, subject to certain exceptions, restrictions on incurring additional indebtedness, mandatory prepayment provisions associated with specified asset sales and dispositions, and limitations on (i) investments; (ii) certain acquisitions, mergers or consolidations; (iii) sale and leaseback transactions; (iv) certain transactions with affiliates and (v) dividends and other payments in respect of capital stock. At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, Federal-Mogul was in compliance with all debt covenants under the Debt Facilities.

Senior Unsecured Notes — Railcar

In February 2007, ARI issued $275 million unsecured senior fixed rate notes that were subsequently exchanged for registered notes in March 2007 (“ARI Notes”).

The ARI Notes bear a fixed interest rate of 7.5% and are due in 2014. Interest on the ARI Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1. The indenture governing the ARI Notes (the “ARI Notes Indenture”) contains restrictive covenants that limit ARI’s ability to, among other things, incur additional debt, make certain restricted payments and enter into certain significant transactions with stockholders and affiliates. As of March 31, 2010, based on certain financial ratios, certain of these covenants, including ARI’s ability to incur additional debt, have become further restricted. ARI was in compliance with all of its covenants under the ARI Notes Indenture as of March 31, 2010.

Prior to March 1, 2011, ARI may redeem the ARI Notes in whole or in part at a redemption price equal to 100.0% of the principal amount, plus an applicable premium based upon a present value calculation using an applicable treasury rate plus 0.5%, plus accrued and unpaid interest. Commencing on March 1, 2011, the redemption price is set at 103.75% of the principal amount of the ARI Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest, and declines annually until it is reduced to 100.0% of the principal amount of the ARI Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest from and after March 1, 2013. The ARI Notes are due in full plus accrued unpaid interest on March 1, 2014.

Secured Notes and Revolving Credit Facility — Food Packaging

In December 2009, Viskase issued $175 million of 9.875% Senior Secured Notes due 2018 (“Viskase 9.875% Notes”). The Viskase 9.875% Notes bear interest at a rate of 9.875% per annum, payable semi-annually in cash on January 15 and July 15, commencing on July 15, 2010. The Viskase 9.875% Notes have a maturity date of January 15, 2018.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt  – (continued)

The notes and related guarantees by any of Viskase’s future domestic restricted subsidiaries are secured by substantially all of Viskase’s and such domestic restricted subsidiaries’ current and future tangible and intangible assets. The indenture governing the Viskase 9.875% Notes (“the Viskase 9.875% Notes Indenture”) permits Viskase to incur other senior secured indebtedness and to grant liens on its assets under certain circumstances.

Prior to January 15, 2014, Viskase may redeem, at its option, up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the Viskase 9.875% Notes issued under the Viskase 9.875% Notes Indenture with the net proceeds of any equity offering at 109.875% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of redemption, provided that at least 65% of the aggregate principal amount of the Viskase 9.875% Notes issued under the Viskase 9.875% Notes Indenture dated December 21, 2009 remains outstanding immediately following the redemption.

In November 2007, Viskase entered into a $25 million secured revolving credit facility (the “Viskase Revolving Credit Facility”) with Arnos Corporation, an affiliate of Mr. Icahn. In connection with our majority acquisition of Viskase on January 15, 2010, we assumed the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility from Arnos Corporation. On April 27, 2010, we entered into an agreement with Viskase, extending the maturity date of the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility from January 31, 2011 to January 31, 2012. Borrowings under the loan and security agreement governing the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility are subject to a borrowing base formula based on percentages of eligible domestic receivables and eligible domestic inventory. Under the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility, the interest rate is LIBOR plus a margin of 2.00% currently (which margin will be subject to performance based increases up to 2.50%); provided that the minimum interest rate shall be at least equal to 3.00%. The Viskase Revolving Credit facility also provides for an unused line fee of 0.375% per annum. There were no borrowings under the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

Indebtedness under the Viskase Revolving Credit Facility is secured by liens on substantially all of Viskase’s domestic and Mexican assets, with liens on certain assets that are contractually senior to the Viskase 9.875% Notes and the related guarantees pursuant to an intercreditor agreement and the Viskase 9.875% Notes.

The Viskase Revolving Credit Facility contains various covenants which restrict Viskase’s ability to, among other things, incur indebtedness, enter into mergers or consolidation transactions, dispose of assets (other than in the ordinary course of business), acquire assets, make certain restricted payments, create liens on our assets, make investments, create guarantee obligations and enter into sale and leaseback transactions and transactions with affiliates, in each case subject to permitted exceptions. The Viskase Revolving Credit Facility also requires that Viskase complies with various financial covenants. Viskase had no borrowings under this revolving credit facility as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009. Viskase is in compliance with these requirements as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.

In its foreign operations, Viskase has unsecured lines of credit with various banks providing approximately $6 million of availability. There were no borrowings under the lines of credit at March 31, 2010.

Letters of credit in the amount of $2 million were outstanding under facilities with a commercial bank, and were cash collateralized at March 31, 2010.

Mortgages Payable

Mortgages payable, all of which are non-recourse to us, bear interest at rates between 4.97% and 7.99% and have maturities between June 30, 2011 and October 1, 2028.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

11. Debt  – (continued)

Secured Revolving Credit Agreement — Home Fashion

On June 16, 2006, WestPoint Home, Inc., an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of WPI, entered into a $250 million loan and security agreement with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent and lender. On September 18, 2006, The CIT Group/Commercial Services, Inc., General Electric Capital Corporation and Wells Fargo Foothill, LLC were added as lenders under this credit agreement. Under the five-year agreement, borrowings are subject to a monthly borrowing base calculation and include a $75 million sub-limit that may be used for letters of credit. Borrowings under the agreement bear interest, at the election of WestPoint Home, either at the prime rate adjusted by an applicable margin ranging from minus 0.25% to plus 0.50% or LIBOR adjusted by an applicable margin ranging from plus 1.25% to 2.00%. WestPoint Home pays an unused line fee of 0.25% to 0.275%. Obligations under the agreement are secured by WestPoint Home’s receivables, inventory and certain machinery and equipment.

The agreement contains covenants including, among others, restrictions on the incurrence of indebtedness, investments, redemption payments, distributions, acquisition of stock, securities or assets of any other entity and capital expenditures. However, WestPoint Home is not precluded from effecting any of these transactions if excess availability, after giving effect to such transaction, meets a minimum threshold.

As of March 31, 2010, there were no borrowings under the agreement, but there were outstanding letters of credit of $11 million. Based upon the eligibility and reserve calculations within the agreement, WestPoint Home had unused borrowing availability of $40 million at March 31, 2010.

Sale of Previously Purchased Subsidiary Debt

During the three months ended March 31, 2010, we received proceeds of $65 million from the sale of previously purchased debt of entities included in our consolidated financial statements in the principal amount of $77 million.

Debt Extinguishment — 2012 Notes and 2013 Notes

In connection with the debt extinguishment related to our 2012 Notes and 2013 Notes as discussed above, we recorded a $40 million loss on debt extinguishment for the three months ended March 31, 2010.

12. Compensation Arrangements

The following are stock-based compensation arrangements of our Investment Management and Automotive segments that we deem are material to our consolidated financial statements:

Investment Management

Effective January 1, 2008, the General Partners amended employment agreements with certain of their employees whereby such employees have been granted rights to participate in a portion of the special profits interest allocations (in certain cases, whether or not such special profits interest is earned by the General Partners) and incentive allocations earned by the General Partners, typically net of certain expenses and generally subject to various vesting provisions. The vesting period of these rights is generally between two and seven years, and such rights expire at the end of the contractual term of each respective employment agreement. The unvested amounts and vested amounts that have not been withdrawn by the employee generally remain invested in the Investment Funds and earn the rate of return of these funds, before the effects of any special profits interest allocations or incentive allocations, which are waived on such amounts. Accordingly, these rights are accounted for as liabilities and are remeasured at fair value each reporting period until settlement.

The General Partners recorded compensation expense of $1 million and $5 million related to these rights for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Compensation expense is included in

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

12. Compensation Arrangements – (continued)

selling, general and administrative expenses within our consolidated statements of operations. Compensation expense arising from grants in special profits interest allocations and incentive allocations are recognized in the consolidated financial statements over the vesting period. Accordingly, unvested balances of special profits interest allocations and incentive allocations allocated to certain employees are not reflected in the consolidated financial statements. Unvested amounts not yet recognized as compensation expense within the consolidated statements of operations were $1 million as of March 31, 2010. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average of 3.5 years as of March 31, 2010. Cash paid to settle rights that had been withdrawn for the three months ended March 31, 2010 was $5 million. Cash paid to settle rights that had been withdrawn for the three months ended March 31, 2009 was not material.

Automotive

Stock-Based Compensation

On December 27, 2007, Federal-Mogul granted to Mr. Alapont stock options to purchase four million shares of Federal-Mogul Common Stock at an exercise price of $19.50. Pursuant to the Stock Option Agreement dated as of December 27, 2007 between Federal-Mogul and Mr. Alapont, Federal-Mogul entered into a deferred compensation agreement (the “Deferred Compensation Agreement”) dated as of December 27, 2007 with Mr. Alapont. Under the terms of this deferred compensation agreement, Mr. Alapont is entitled to certain distributions of Federal-Mogul Common Stock, or, at the election of Mr. Alapont, certain distributions of cash upon certain events as set forth in the Deferred Compensation Agreement. The amount of the distributions is equal to the fair value of 500,000 shares of Federal-Mogul Common Stock, subject to certain adjustments and offsets, determined on March 23, 2010.

On February 15, 2008, Federal-Mogul entered into a Stock Option Agreement with Mr. Alapont (the “CEO Stock Option Agreement”), which was subsequently approved by Federal-Mogul’s stockholders effective July 28, 2008. The CEO Stock Option Agreement grants Mr. Alapont a non-transferable, non-qualified option (the “CEO Option”) to purchase up to 4,000,000 shares of Federal-Mogul Common Stock subject to the terms and conditions described below. The exercise price for the CEO Option is $19.50 per share, which is at least equal to the fair market value of a share of Federal-Mogul’s common stock on the date of grant of the CEO Option. In no event may the CEO Option be exercised, in whole or in part, after December 27, 2014. The CEO Option became fully vested on March 23, 2010.

On March 23, 2010, Federal-Mogul entered into the Second Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, which extended Mr. Alapont’s employment with Federal-Mogul for three years. Also on March 23, 2010, Federal-Mogul amended and restated the CEO Option (the “Restated Stock Option Agreement”). The Restated Stock Option Agreement removed Mr. Alapont’s put option to sell stock received from an option exercise to Federal-Mogul for cash. The Restated Stock Option Agreement provides for pay out of any exercise of the CEO Option in stock or, at the election of Federal-Mogul, in cash. The awards were previously accounted for as liability awards based on the optional cash exercise feature, however the accounting impact associated with this modification is that the options are now considered an equity award as of March 23, 2010.

Federal-Mogul revalued the options granted to Mr. Alapont at March 23, 2010, resulting in a revised fair value of $27 million. This amount was reclassified from accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities to partners’ equity due to their equity award status. As these options are fully vested, no further expense related to the options will be recognized. Federal-Mogul revalued the Deferred Compensation Agreement, which was also amended and restated on March 23, 2010, at March 31, 2010, resulting in a revised fair value of $7 million. Since this agreement provides for net cash settlement at the option of Mr. Alapont, it continues to be treated as a liability award as of March 31, 2010 and through its eventual payout. During the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, Federal-Mogul recognized $6 million and $3 million, respectively, in expense associated with the CEO Option and Deferred Compensation Agreement.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2010

12. Compensation Arrangements – (continued)

Key assumptions and related option-pricing models used by Federal-Mogul are summarized in the following table:

     
  March 23, 2010 Valuation   March 31, 2010
     Plain Vanilla
Options
  Options
Connected
to Deferred
Compensation
  Deferred
Compensation
Valuation Model   Black-Scholes   Monte Carlo   Monte Carlo
Expected volatility     58 %      58 %      59 % 
Expected dividend yield     0 %      0 %      0 % 
Risk-free rate over the estimated expected option life     1.18 %      1.18 %      1.25 % 
Expected option life (in years)     2.38       2.38       2.38  

Expected volatility is based on the average of five-year historical volatility and implied volatility for a group of auto industry comparator companies as of the measurement date. Risk-free rate is determined based upon U.S. Treasury rates over the estimated expected option lives. Expected dividend yield is zero as Federal-Mogul has not paid dividends to holders of its common stock in the recent past nor does it expect to do so in the future. Expected option lives are equal to one-half of the time to the end of the option term.

13. Pensions, Other Post-employment Benefits and Employee Benefit Plans

Federal-Mogul, ARI and Viskase each sponsors several defined benefit pension plans (“Pension Benefits”) (and, in the case of Viskase, such pension plans include defined contribution plans). Additionally, Federal-Mogul, ARI and Viskase each sponsors health care and life insurance benefits (“Other Benefits”) for certain employees and retirees around the world. The Pension Benefits are funded based on the funding requirements of federal and international laws and regulations, as applicable, in advance of benefit payments and the Other Benefits as benefits are provided to participating employees.

On March 23, 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law and on March 30, 2010, a companion bill, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, was also signed into law. The newly enacted acts contain provisions which could impact our accounting for retiree medical benefits in future periods, however, the extent of that impact, if any, cannot be determined until regulations are promulgated under these acts and additional interpretations of these acts become available. We will continue to assess the accounting implications of these acts. See Note 17, “Income Taxes,” below for further discussion on the impact of these acts.

The following table presents the aggregate components of pension expense for Federal-Mogul, ARI and Viskase for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 (in millions):

   
  Three Months Ended March 31,
     2010   2009
Expected return on plan assets   $ (15 )    $ (14 ) 
Service costs for benefits earned     8       8  
Interest cost on benefit obligation     28       30  
Net actuarial loss amortization pension cost     7