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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 8-K

 

CURRENT REPORT

 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): May 9, 2024

 

(Commission File Number) (Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(Telephone Number)
(State or Other
Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or
Organization)
(IRS Employer
Identification
No.)
1-9516

ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P.

16690 Collins Avenue, PH-1

Sunny Isles Beach, FL 33160

(305) 422-4100

Delaware 13-3398766

 

(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

N/A

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

¨ Written communication pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

¨ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Depositary Units of Icahn Enterprises L.P. Representing Limited Partner Interests   IEP   Nasdaq Global Select Market

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Emerging Growth Company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

 

 

 

 

Item 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure.

 

Icahn Enterprises L.P. has attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 a copy of updated presentation materials that it intends to use in connection with meetings with investors, groups of investors and media and in connection with presentations and speeches to various audiences.

 

The information contained in this Item 7.01 and Exhibit 99.1 is being furnished and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section. In addition, the information contained in this Item 7.01 and Exhibit 99.1 shall not be incorporated by reference into any of Icahn Enterprises L.P.’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other document except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing or document.

 

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d) Exhibits

 

99.1 – Presentation Materials.

104 – Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in Inline XBRL in Exhibit 101).

 

2

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

  ICAHN ENTERPRISES L.P.
    (Registrant)
     
  By: Icahn Enterprises G.P. Inc., its general partner    
     
  By:  /s/ Ted Papapostolou
    Ted Papapostolou
    Chief Financial Officer

 

Date: May 9, 2024

 

3

Exhibit 99.1

 

Icahn Enterprises L.P. Investor Presentation May 2024

 

 

2 Forward - Looking Statements and Non - GAAP Financial Measures Forward - Looking Statements This presentation contains certain statements that are, or may be deemed to be, “forward - looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27 A of the Securities Act of 1933 , as amended, and Section 21 E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 , as amended . All statements included herein, other than statements that relate solely to historical fact, are “forward - looking statements . ” Such statements include, but are not limited to, any statement that may predict, forecast, indicate or imply future results, performance, achievements or events, or any statement that may relate to strategies, plans or objectives for, or potential results of, future operations, financial results, financial condition, business prospects, growth strategy or liquidity, and are based upon management’s current plans and beliefs or current estimates of future results or trends . Forward - looking statements can generally be identified by phrases such as “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “should,” “seeks,” “predicts,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “projects,” “estimates,” “plans,” “could,” “designed,” “should be” and other similar expressions that denote expectations of future or conditional events rather than statements of fact . Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith, and we believe that there is a reasonable basis for them . However, there can be no assurance that these expectations, beliefs and projections will result or be achieved . There are a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward - looking statements contained in this presentation, including risks related to economic downturns, substantial competition and rising operating costs ; the impacts from the Russia/Ukraine conflict and conflict in the Middle East, including economic volatility and the impacts of export controls and other economic sanctions ; risks related to our investment activities, including the nature of the investments made by the private funds in which we invest, declines in the fair value of our investments as a result of the COVID - 19 pandemic, losses in the private funds and loss of key employees ; risks related to our ability to continue to conduct our activities in a manner so as to not be deemed an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 , as amended, or be taxed as a corporation ; risks relating to short sellers and associated litigation and regulatory inquires ; risks related to our general partner and controlling unitholder ; risks related to our energy business, including the volatility and availability of crude oil, other feed stocks and refined products, declines in global demand for crude oil, refined products and liquid transportation fuels, unfavorable refining margin (crack spread), interrupted access to pipelines, significant fluctuations in nitrogen fertilizer demand in the agricultural industry and seasonality of results ; the success of a spin - off of the fertilizer business including risks related to any decision to cease exploration of a spin - off ; risks related to our automotive activities and exposure to adverse conditions in the automotive industry, including as a result of the COVID - 19 pandemic and the Chapter 11 filing of our automotive parts subsidiary ; risks related to our food packaging activities, including competition from better capitalized competitors, inability of our suppliers to timely deliver raw materials, and the failure to effectively respond to industry changes in casings technology ; supply chain issues ; inflation, including increased costs of raw materials and shipping, including as a result of the Russia/Ukraine conflict ; interest rate increases ; labor shortages and workforce availability ; risks related to our real estate activities, including the extent of any tenant bankruptcies and insolvencies ; risks related to our home fashion operations, including changes in the availability and price of raw materials, manufacturing disruptions, and changes in transportation costs and delivery times . These and other risks and uncertainties are described in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission including our Annual Report on Form 10 - K and our quarterly reports on Form 10 - Q under the caption “Risk Factors” . There may be other factors not presently known to us or which we currently consider to be immaterial that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward - looking statements . All forward - looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf apply only as of the date of this presentation and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this presentation . Except to the extent required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward - looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date such statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events . Non - GAAP Financial Measures This presentation contains certain non - GAAP financial measures, including EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Indicative Net Asset Value . The non - GAAP financial measures contained herein have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or in lieu of an analysis of our results as reported under U . S . GAAP . These non - GAAP measures should be evaluated only on a supplementary basis in connection with our U . S . GAAP results, including those reported in our consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10 - K for the year ended December 31 , 2023 and our subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10 - Q . A reconciliation of these non - GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable U . S . GAAP financial measures can be found in the back of this presentation .

 

 

Company Overview 3

 

 

4 Overview of Icahn Enterprises (1) Based on May 8, 2024, closing price of $18.56 (2) Investment segment total assets represents total equity (equity attributable to IEP was $3.2 billion). (3) All Other operating segments includes Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma. • Icahn Enterprises L . P . (IEP) is a diversified holding company with operating businesses in Investment, Energy, Automotive, Real Estate, Food Packaging, Home Fashion and Pharma • IEP is majority owned and controlled by Carl Icahn • Over many years, Carl Icahn has contributed most of his businesses to and executed transactions primarily through IEP • As of March 31, 2024, Carl Icahn and his affiliates owned approximately 85% of IEP’s outstanding depositary units • As of May 8 , 2024 , IEP has a $ 4 . 00 annualized distribution, which is a 21 . 6 % yield ( 1 ) • IEP has liquidity through its investment in the Investment Funds of approximately $ 3 . 2 billion as of March 31 , 2024 Investment (2) $5,297 $0 ($553) ($553) Energy 4,629 8,824 425 758 Automotive 1,958 1,668 (2) 115 Real Estate 501 137 14 26 All Other (3) 931 700 5 89 Holding Company 2,105 0 (341) (35) $15,421 $11,329 ($452) $400 ($Millions) As of March 31, 2024 Twelve Months Ended March 31, 2024 Assets Net Income (Loss) Attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA Attributable to IEP Net Sales and Other Revenue from Operations

 

 

5 Summary Corporate Organizational Chart Note: Percentages denote equity ownership as of March 31, 2024. Excludes intermediary and pass - through entities. 99 % LP Energy Segment: CVR Energy , Inc. (NYSE: CVI) Pharma Segment: Vivus LLC Real Estate Segment: Real Estate Holdings Home Fashion Segment: WestPoint Home LLC Icahn Enterprises G.P. Inc. Icahn Enterprises L.P. ( NasdaqGS : IEP) Icahn Enterprises Holdings L.P. 1% GP 1% GP 90 % 66 % Investment Segment: Investment Funds Food Packaging Segment: Viskase Companies , Inc. (OTCPK: VKSC) As of 03/31/2024, Icahn Enterprises had interests in the Investment Funds of approximately $3.2 billion Engaged in rental commercial real estate, property development and associated club and resort activities Provider of home textile products for more than 200 years Specialty pharmaceutical company One of the worldwide leaders in cellulosic, fibrous and plastic casings for the processed meat industry Independent refiner and marketer of transportation fuels 100% 100% 100% 100% Automotive Segment: Icahn Automotive Group LLC Primarily e ngaged in the automotive repair and maintenance services business 100% Producer and distributer of nitrogen fertilizer products CVR Partners, LP (NYSE: UAN) 3 7 % Holding Company Segment

 

 

6 Diversified Subsidiary Companies with Significant Inherent Value • IEP’s subsidiary companies possess key competitive strengths and/or leading market positions • IEP seeks to create incremental value by investing in organic growth and targeting businesses that offer consolidation opportunities The Company’s diversification across multiple industries and geographies provides a natural hedge against cyclical and general economic swings Over 200 year heritage with some of the best known brands in home fashion A worldwide leader in non - edible meat casings poised to capture further growth in emerging markets Strategically located mid - continent petroleum refiner and nitrogen fertilizer producer Long - term real estate portfolio primarily consisting of investment properties, development, clubs and resorts Real Estate Segment Primarily engaged in the automotive repair and maintenance services business Dedicated to addressing the therapeutic needs of patients with serious medical conditions and life - limiting diseases

 

 

7 Evolution of Icahn Enterprises • IEP began as American Real Estate Partners, which was founded in 1987, and now has diversified its portfolio to seven operati ng businesses and approximately $20 billion of assets as of March 31, 2024. • IEP’s record is based on a long - term horizon that can enhance business value for continued operations and/or facilitate a profit able exit strategy. • IEP has demonstrated a history of successfully acquiring undervalued assets and improving and enhancing their operations and fin ancial results. • In 2017, IEP sold American Railcar Leasing for $3.3 billion, resulting in a pre - tax gain of $1.7 billion. • In 2018, IEP sold Federal - Mogul for $5.1 billion, resulting in a pre - tax gain of $251 million, Tropicana for $1.5 billion, resul ting in a pre - tax gain of $779 million, and American Railcar Industries for $1.75 billion, resulting in a pre - tax gain of $400 million. • In 2019, IEP sold Ferrous Resources for aggregate consideration of approximately $550 million (including repaid indebtedness) , r esulting in a pre - tax gain of $252 million. • In 2021, IEP sold PSC Metals for total cash consideration of approximately $323 million resulting in a pre - tax gain of $163 mill ion. • Acquired partnership interest in Icahn Capital Management L.P. in 2007 • IEP and certain of Mr. Icahn’s family members and affiliates are the sole investors in the Investment Funds. Timeline of Significant Acquisitions and Exits (1) Based on the closing stock price of $44.70 and approximately 107.0 million depositary and general partner equivalent units outstanding a s of December 31, 2012 (2) Based on the closing stock price of $17.01 and approximately 440.6 million depositary and general partner equivalent un its outstanding as of March 31, 2024 As of December 31, 20 12 (1) • Mkt. Cap: $4.8 bn • Total Assets: $ 24.6 bn As of March 31, 2024 ( 2 ) • Mkt. Cap: $ 7.5b n • Total Assets: $ 20.1 bn Year: 201 2 201 3 2014 2015 201 6 201 7 201 8 201 9 20 20 20 21 20 22 2023 American Railcar Leasing 10/2/13: Acquired 75% of ARL from companies wholly owned by Carl Icahn Ferrous Resources 6/8/15: IEP acquired a controlling interest in Ferrous Resources Pep Boys 2/4/16: IEP acquired Pep Boys Federal - Mogul & Tropicana 10/1/18: Sold Federal - Mogul for $5.1 billion and Tropicana for $1.5 billion Ferrous Resources 8/1/19: Sold Ferrous Resources for $550 million, IEP share of cash proceeds was $4 63 million PSC Metals 12/7/21: Sold PSC Metals, LLC for $323 million CVR Energy 5/4/12: Acquired a majority interest in CVR via a tender offer to purchase all outstanding shares of CVR CVR Refining & CVR Partners 2013: CVR Refining completed IPO and secondary offering. CVR Partners completed a secondary offering IEH Auto Parts Holding 6/1/15: Acquired substantially all of the auto part assets in the U.S. of Uni - Select Inc. American Railcar Leasing 2017: Sale of ARL for $3 .3 billion American Railcar Industries 12/5/18: Sold American Railcar Industries for $1.75 billion Vivus , Inc 12/11/20: Acquired all of the outstanding common stock of Vivus upon its emergence from bankruptcy

 

 

8 Ability to Maximize Shareholder Value Through Proven Activist Strategy • IEP seeks undervalued companies and often becomes “actively” involved in the targeted companies • Activist strategy requires significant capital, rapid execution and willingness to take control of companies • Implement changes required to improve businesses Purchase of Stock or Debt IEP pursues its activist strategy and seeks to promulgate change – Dealing with the board and management – Proxy fights – Tender offers – Taking control IEP’s investment and legal team is capable of unlocking a target’s hidden value – Financial/balance sheet restructuring – Operation turnarounds – Strategic initiatives – Corporate governance changes • Mr. Icahn and Icahn Capital have a long and successful track record of generating significant returns employing the activist str ategy • IEP’s subsidiaries often started out as investment positions in debt or equity either directly by Icahn Capital or Mr. Icahn • Active participation in the strategy and capital allocation for targeted companies • Not involved in day - to - day operations • IEP will make necessary investments to ensure subsidiary companies can compete effectively Putting Activism into Action

 

 

Overview of Operating Segments 9

 

 

Highlights and Recent Developments • Long history of investing in public equity and debt securities and pursuing activist agenda • Employs an activist strategy that seeks to unlock hidden value through various tactics • Financial/balance sheet restructurings • Operational turnarounds • Strategic initiatives • Corporate governance changes • As of March 31, 2024, the Funds had a net short notional exposure of 27% Segment Description • Our Investment segment is comprised of various private investment funds (“Investment Funds”) in which we have general partner interests and through which we invest our proprietary capital • We and Mr. Icahn and his family members and affiliates are the only investors in the Investment Funds. • Fair value of IEP’s investment in the Funds was approximately $3.2 billion as of March 31, 2024 10 Segment: Investment Historical Segment Financial Summary (1) Based on closing share price as of specified date. (2) Includes common stock and forward contracts as a percentage of common shares issued and outstanding . (3) Refer to the Adjusted EBITDA reconciliations in the Appendix . (4) Balance Sheet data as of end of each respective period. Significant Holdings As of March 31, 2024 Company Mkt. Value ($mm) (1) % Ownership ( 2 ) $839 15.40 % $ 511 1.13 % $368 9.50% $ 322 1.47 % $ 302 1.38 % ($Millions) 2021 Selected Income Statement Data: Adjusted EBITDA (3) (32) (223) (1,353) (1,018) Net income (loss) (32) (223) (1,353) (1,018) Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP (3) (16) (89) (701) (553) Net income (loss) attributable to IEP (16) (89) (701) (553) Returns -0.3% -2.4% -16.9% -13.9% Segment Balance Sheet Data (4) : Equity attributable to IEP $4,271 $4,184 $3,243 $3,202 Total Equity $9,390 $9,150 $5,360 $5,297 Investment Segment FYE December 31, LTM March 31,  20242022 2023

 

 

Highlights and Recent Developments Petroleum • Two strategically located Mid - Continent refineries close to Cushing, Oklahoma with total nameplate capacity 206,500 bpd • Direct access to crude oil and condensate fields in the Anadarko and Arkoma Basins • Complimentary logistics assets and access to multiple key pipelines provide a variety of price advantaged crude oil supply options • Declared a first quarter 2024 cash dividend of $0.50 per share Fertilizer • Two strategically located facilities serving the Southern Plains and Corn Belt • Primarily engaged in the production of the nitrogen fertilizers ammonia and urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) • Diverse feedstock exposure through petroleum coke and natural gas • Declared a first quarter 2024 cash distribution of $1.92 per common unit Segment Description • CVR Energy, Inc. (NYSE: CVI) is a diversified holding company primarily engaged in the petroleum refining and nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing businesses through its interests in CVR Refining, LP and CVR Partners, LP (NYSE: UAN) • CVR Refining is an independent petroleum refiner and marketer of high - value transportation fuels in the mid - continent of the United States • CVR Partners is a manufacturer of ammonia and urea ammonium nitrate solution fertilizer products 11 Segment: Energy Historical Segment Financial Summary (1) Refer to the Adjusted EBITDA reconciliations in the Appendix. (2) Balance Sheet data as of the end of each respective period . ($Millions) 2021 Selected Income Statement Data: Net sales $7,242 $10,896 $9,247 $8,824 Adjusted EBITDA (1) 462 1,253 1,435 1,237 Net income (loss) 29 596 831 662 Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP (1) 231 707 869 758 Net income (loss) attributable to IEP (5) 304 508 425 Segment Balance Sheet Data (2) : Total assets $4,587 $4,735 $5,259 $4,629 Equity attributable to IEP $686 $648 $795 $811 Energy Segment FYE December 31, LTM March 31,  20242022 2023

 

 

Highlights and Recent Developments • Automotive Services provides Do - It - For - Me automotive repair services for retail and fleet customers with over 900 stores and 8,000 service bays located in the United States and Puerto Rico • The Automotive segment continues to progress through its multi - year transformation plan focused on customer service, quality, and profitable growth • The leadership team has focused on key strategic initiatives including: • Positioning the Automotive Services business to take advantage of opportunities in the do - it - for - me market and vehicle fleets • Improving inventory management and distribution network • Investment in, and strategic review of, capital projects within Icahn Automotive’s owned and leased locations to increase leasing revenue, restructure lease liabilities, and reduce occupancy costs • Strategic investment in brownfield and greenfield supplementing existing store footprints • Investment in customer experience initiatives and selective upgrades in facilities • Investment in employees with focus on training and career development • Business process improvements, including investments in our supply chain and information technology capabilities Segment Description • We conduct our Automotive segment through our wholly owned subsidiaries, Icahn Automotive Group LLC ("Icahn Automotive") and our wholly owned subsidiary, AEP PLC LLC (“AEP PLC”) • The Automotive segment is engaged in providing a full range of automotive repair and maintenance services, along with the sale of any installed parts or materials related to automotive services (“Automotive Services”) to its customers, as well as sales of automotive aftermarket parts and retailed merchandise (“Aftermarket Parts”). In addition to its primary business, the Automotive segment leases available and excess real estate in certain locations under long - term operating leases 12 Segment: Automotive Historical Segment Financial Summary (1) As of January 31, 2023, IEH Auto Parts Holdings LLC (“Auto Plus”) was deconsolidated due to voluntary Chapter 11 bankruptcy p roc eedings. (2) Refer to the Adjusted EBITDA reconciliations in the Appendix . (3) Balance Sheet data as of the end of each respective period . ($Millions) 2021 Selected Income Statement Data: Net sales and other revenue from operations $2,394 $2,394 $1,741 $1,668 Adjusted EBITDA (2) (67) (31) 113 115 Net income (loss) (260) (192) (6) (2) Segment Balance Sheet Data (3) : Total assets $2,582 $2,532 $2,019 $1,958 Equity attributable to IEP $1,575 $1,530 $1,096 $1,089 Automotive Segment (1) FYE December 31, LTM March 31,  20242022 2023

 

 

Highlights and Recent Developments • Business strategy is based on long - term investment outlook and operational expertise • Management is actively looking to expand the real estate portfolio Investment Property • Maximize value of commercial lease portfolio through effective management of existing properties • Seek to acquire or sell assets on opportunistic basis • Focused on securing long - term, quality tenants in our commercial office space and continue our positive growth in the retail leasing space Property Development • Development of luxury single family homes on the East Coast that supplements our country club operations • Acquired additional single family home development land to supplement existing backlog of homes under contract Club and Resort Operations • Club operations focus on operating golf and other country club activities on the East Coast • Resort operations in Aruba focus on maintaining high occupancy rates Segment Description • Our Real Estate segment consists of investment properties which includes land, retail, office and industrial properties leased to corporate tenants, the development and sale of single - family homes, and the operations of a resort and two country clubs 13 Segment: Real Estate Historical Segment Financial Summary (1) Refer to the Adjusted EBITDA reconciliations in the Appendix. (2) Balance Sheet data as of the end of each respective period. ($Millions) 2021 Selected Income Statement Data: Net sales and other revenue from operations $93 $118 $142 $137 Adjusted EBITDA (1) (1) 20 28 26 Net income (loss) (8) 7 16 14 Segment Balance Sheet Data (2) : Total assets $526 $507 $488 $501 Equity attributable to IEP $472 $455 $439 $440 Real Estate Segment FYE December 31, LTM March 31,  20242022 2023

 

 

Highlights and Recent Developments Food Packaging • Viskase operates plants in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, France, Italy, Germany, Poland, and the Philippines • Steady growth is projected globally for cellulose casings, with more emphasis on South America and Asia Pacific markets • Market demand is generally resilient as end products represent a cost - effective and attractive source of protein; however, recently there have been indicators of market softness as well as inventory reductions in the channel due to supply chain stabilization • Business remains focused on reducing complexity and optimizing product and customer mix, while targeting growth with key customers globally Home Fashion • Focusing on core profitable customers and product lines • Implemented a more customer - focused organizational structure with the intent of expanding key customer relationships and rebuilding the company’s sales backlog • Continued strength with institutional customers and growth into new international markets including Africa, Australia, and the Middle East • Advancing our sustainability efforts in line with our company and customer values Pharma • Focused on continued market share gains and prescription growth in the U.S. for both Qsymia and Pancreaze • Launching Qsymia into European and Middle East markets, coupled with other global licensing deals for other parts of the globe • Continued development of our pipeline products All Other Operating Segments Description • Food Packaging : We conduct our Food Packaging segment through our majority owned subsidiary, Viskase Companies, Inc. (OTCPK:VKSC), a worldwide leader in the production and sale of cellulosic, fibrous and plastic casings for the processed meat and poultry industry • Home Fashion : We conduct our Home Fashion segment through our wholly owned subsidiary, WestPoint Home LLC (“WPH”). WPH is engaged in manufacturing, sourcing, marketing, distributing and selling home fashion consumer products • Pharma : We conduct our Pharma segment through our wholly owned subsidiary, Vivus LLC. Vivus is a specialty pharmaceutical company with two approved therapies, two product candidates in active clinical development and two product candidates in early - stage development. 14 All Other Operating Segments Other Operating Segments Financial Summary (1) All Other operating segments include Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma. Results for each of these separate segments ca n b e found in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10 - Q and our Annual Report on Form 10 - K filed with the SEC. (2) Refer to Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation in the Appendix. (3) Balance Sheet data as of the end of each respective period. ($Millions) 2021 Selected Income Statement Data: Net sales and other revenue from operations $698 $718 $717 $700 Adjusted EBITDA (2) 62 51 93 $93 Net income (loss) (13) (38) 4 $5 Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP (2) 56 45 87 $89 Net income (loss) attributable to IEP (13) (38) 3 $5 Segment Balance Sheet Data (3) : Total assets $1,010 $990 $951 $931 Equity attributable to IEP $534 $546 $548 $534 LTM March 31,  All Other Operating Segments (1) FYE December 31, 2023 20242022

 

 

Financial Performance 15

 

 

16 Financial Performance Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Icahn Enterprises Adjusted EBITDA Attributable to Icahn Enterprises (1) (1) Refer to the Adjusted EBITDA reconciliations in the Appendix. (2) We completed the sale of 100% of the equity interest in PSC Metals, LLC on December 7, 2021. (3) All Other operating segments include Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma. Results for each of these separate segments ca n b e found in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10 - Q and our Annual Report on Form 10 - K filed with the SEC. ($Millions) Segments: Energy ($5) $304 $508 $425 Automotive (260) (192) (6) (2) Real Estate (8) 7 16 14 Metals (2) 186 - - - All Other (3) (13) (38) 3 5 Subtotal (100) 81 521 442 Investment (16) (89) (701) (553) Holding Company (402) (175) (504) (341) Consolidated ($518) ($183) ($684) ($452) FYE December 31, LTM March 31,  2021 2022 2023 2024 ($Millions) Segments: Energy $231 $707 $869 $758 Automotive (67) (31) 113 115 Real Estate (1) 20 28 26 Metals (2) 38 - - - All Other (3) 56 45 87 89 Subtotal 257 741 1,097 988 Investment (16) (89) (701) (553) Holding Company (67) 27 (35) (35) Consolidated $174 $679 $361 $400 2024 LTM March 31,  FYE December 31, 2021 2022 2023

 

 

17 Consolidated Financial Snapshot (1) All Other operating segments include Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma. Results for each of these separate segments ca n b e found in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10 - Q and our Annual Report on Form 10 - K filed with the SEC. (2) Refer to the Adjusted EBITDA reconciliations in the Appendix. Net Income (Loss): Investment ($32) ($223) ($1,353) ($375) ($40) ($1,018) Energy 29 596 831 247 78 662 Automotive (260) (192) (6) (13) (9) (2) Real Estate (8) 7 16 - (2) 14 Metals 186 - - - - - All Other (1) (13) (38) 4 1 2 5 Holding Company (402) (175) (504) (218) (55) (341) Net income (loss) ($500) ($25) ($1,012) ($358) ($26) ($680) Less: net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests 18 158 (328) (88) 12 (228) Net income (loss) attributable to Icahn Enterprises ($518) ($183) ($684) ($270) ($38) ($452) Adjusted EBITDA (2) : Investment ($32) ($223) ($1,353) ($375) ($40) ($1,018) Energy 462 1,253 1,435 401 203 1,237 Automotive (67) (31) 113 21 23 115 Real Estate (1) 20 28 3 1 26 Metals 38 - - - - - All Other (1) 62 51 93 23 23 93 Holding Company (67) 27 (35) (7) (7) (35) Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA $395 $1,097 $281 $66 $203 $418 Less: Adjusted EBITDA attributable to non-controlling interests 221 418 (80) (29) 69 18 Adjusted EBITDA attributable to Icahn Enterprises $174 $679 $361 $95 $134 $400 Capital Expenditures $305 $338 $303 $58 $68 $313 ($Millions) FYE December 31, Three months ended March 31, LTM March 31,  2021 2022 2023 2023 2024 2024

 

 

18 Balance Sheet (1) All Other operating segments includes Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma. ($Millions) ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents $6 $644 $64 $7 $33 $4 $18 $1,692 $2,468 Cash held at consolidated affiliated partnerships and restricted cash 2,379 - 8 - 4 3 - 171 2,565 Investments 3,203 98 - - 14 - - - 3,315 Accounts receivable, net - 253 41 85 16 22 30 - 447 Inventories, net - 601 213 118 - 85 22 - 1,039 Related party notes receivable, net - - - - - - - 11 11 Property, plant and equipment, net - 2,572 822 129 363 50 - 4 3,940 Goodwill and intangible assets, net - 174 333 23 - 19 191 - 740 Other assets 4,352 287 477 98 71 20 7 227 5,539 Total assets $9,940 $4,629 $1,958 $460 $501 $203 $268 $2,105 $20,064 LIABILITIES AND EQUITY Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities $999 $1,506 $840 $136 $55 $44 $54 $553 $4,187 Securities sold, not yet purchased, at fair value 3,644 - - - - - - - 3,644 Debt - 1,585 29 138 1 8 - 4,847 6,608 Total liabilities $4,643 $3,091 $869 $274 $56 $52 $54 $5,400 $14,439 Equity attributable to Icahn Enterprises $3,202 $811 $1,089 $169 $440 $151 $214 ($3,295) $2,781 Equity attributable to non-controlling interests 2,095 727 - 17 5 - - - 2,844 Total equity $5,297 $1,538 $1,089 $186 $445 $151 $214 ($3,295) $5,625 Total liabilities and equity $9,940 $4,629 $1,958 $460 $501 $203 $268 $2,105 $20,064 As of March 31, 2024 Investment Energy Automotive Food Packaging (1) Consolidated Real Estate Home Fashion (1) Pharma (1) Holding Company

 

 

19 Indicative Net Asset Value Note: Refer to the next page for footnotes and additional information. 3/31/2023 6/30/2023 9/30/2023 12/31/2023 3/31/2024 Holding Company interest in Investment Funds (1) 4,013$ 3,799$ 3,634$ 3,243$ 3,202$ CVR Energy (2) 2,334 2,133 2,270 2,021 2,378 Total market-valued Subsidiaries and Investments: 6,347$ 5,932$ 5,904$ 5,264$ 5,580$ Viskase (3) 285 341 378 386 333 Real Estate Holdings (1) 457 461 440 439 440 WestPoint Home (1) 161 162 158 153 151 Vivus (1) 237 237 227 227 214 Automotive Services (4) 573 608 601 660 641 Automotive Parts (1) - 11 8 15 19 Automotive Owned Real Estate Assets (5) 831 831 831 763 763 Icahn Automotive Group 1,404 1,450 1,440 1,438 1,423 Operating Business Indicative Gross Asset Value 8,891$ 8,583$ 8,547$ 7,907$ 8,141$ Add: Other Net Assets (6) 130 173 117 114 (34) Indicative Gross Asset Value 9,021$ 8,756$ 8,664$ 8,021$ 8,107$ Add: Holding Company cash and cash equivalents (7) 1,868 1,574 1,813 1,584 1,692 Less: Holding Company debt (7) (5,309) (5,308) (5,308) (4,847) (4,847) Indicative Net Asset Value 5,580$ 5,022$ 5,169$ 4,758$ 4,952$ Other Subsidiaries: As of Market-valued Subsidiaries and Investments: ($Millions)

 

 

20 Indicative Net Asset Value Use of Indicative Net Asset Value Data The Company uses indicative net asset value as an additional method for considering the value of the Company’s assets, and we believe that this information can be helpful to investors . Please note, however, that the indicative net asset value does not represent the market price at which the depositary units trade . Accordingly, data regarding indicative net asset value is of limited use and should not be considered in isolation . Indicative net asset value does not purport to reflect a valuation of IEP . The calculated Indicative net asset value does not include any value for our Investment Segment other than the fair market value of our investment in the Investment Funds and other net assets attributable to IEP . A valuation is a subjective exercise and Indicative net asset value does not necessarily consider all elements or consider in the adequate proportion the elements that could affect the valuation of IEP . Investors may reasonably differ on what such elements are and their impact on IEP . No representation or assurance, express or implied, is made as to the accuracy and correctness of Indicative net asset value as of these dates or with respect to any future indicative or prospective results which may vary . Footnotes to Company’s calculation of Indicative Net Asset Value: 1) Represents GAAP equity attributable to us as of each respective date . 2) Based on closing share price on each date (or if such date was not a trading day, the immediately preceding trading day) and the number of shares owned by the Holding Company as of each respective date . 3) Amounts based on market comparables due to lack of material trading volume, valued at 9 . 0 x Adjusted EBITDA for the trailing twelve months ended as of each respective date . 4) Amounts based on market comparables , valued at 10 . 0 x Adjusted EBITDA for the trailing twelve months ended March 31 , 2024 , December 31 , 2023 , and September 30 , 2023 , and 14 . 0 x Adjusted EBITDA for the trailing twelve months ended June 30 , 2023 and March 31 , 2023 . 5) Management performed a valuation on the owned real - estate with the assistance of third - party consultants to estimate fair - market - value . This analysis utilized property - level market rents, location level profitability, and utilized prevailing cap rates ranging from 7 . 0 % to 10 . 0 % as of March 31 , 2024 and December 31 , 2023 ; and 6 . 8 % to 8 . 0 % as of September 30 , 2023 , June 30 , 2023 and March 31 , 2023 . The valuation assumed that triple net leases are in place for all the locations at rents estimated by management based on market conditions . There is no assurance we would be able to sell the assets on the timeline or at the prices and lease terms we estimate . Different judgments or assumptions would result in different estimates of the value of these real estate assets . Moreover, although we evaluate and provide our Indicative Net Asset Value on a regular basis, the estimated values may fluctuate in the interim, so that any actual transaction could result in a higher or lower valuation . 6) Represents GAAP equity of the Holding Company Segment, excluding cash and cash equivalents, debt and non - cash deferred tax assets or liabilities . As of March 31 , 2024 , December 31 , 2023 , September 30 , 2023 , and June 30 , 2023 , Other Net Assets includes $ 17 , $ 20 , $ 26 , and $ 20 million, respectively, of Automotive Segment liabilities assumed from the Auto Plus bankruptcy . Furthermore, with respect to March 31 , 2024 , the distribution payable was adjusted to $ 99 million, which represents the actual distribution paid subsequent to March 31 , 2024 . With respect to March 31 , 2023 , the distribution payable was adjusted to $ 72 million, which represents the actual distribution paid subsequent to March 31 , 2023 . 7) Holding Company’s balance as of each respective date .

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliations 21

 

 

22 Non - GAAP Financial Measures The Company uses certain non - GAAP financial measures in evaluating its performance . These include non - GAAP EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA . EBITDA represents earnings from continuing operations before net interest expense (excluding our Investment Segment), income tax (benefit) expense and depreciation and amortization . We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA excluding certain effects of impairment, restructuring costs, transformation costs, certain pension plan expenses, gains/losses on disposition of assets, gains/losses on extinguishment of debt and certain other non - operational charges . We present EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA on a consolidated basis and on a basis attributable to Icahn Enterprises net of the effects of non - controlling interests . We conduct substantially all of our operations through subsidiaries . The operating results of our subsidiaries may not be sufficient to make distributions to us . In addition, our subsidiaries are not obligated to make funds available to us for payment of our indebtedness, payment of distributions on our depositary units or otherwise, and distributions and intercompany transfers from our subsidiaries to us may be restricted by applicable law or covenants contained in debt agreements and other agreements to which these subsidiaries currently may be subject or into which they may enter into in the future . The terms of any borrowings of our subsidiaries or other entities in which we own equity may restrict dividends, distributions or loans to us . We believe that providing EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to investors has economic substance as these measures provide important supplemental information of our performance to investors and permits investors and management to evaluate the core operating performance of our business without regard to interest, taxes and depreciation and amortization and certain effects of impairment, restructuring costs, certain pension plan expenses, gains/losses on disposition of assets, gains/losses on extinguishment of debt and certain other non - operational charges . Additionally, we believe this information is frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies that have issued debt . Management uses, and believes that investors benefit from referring to, these non - GAAP financial measures in assessing our operating results, as well as in planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods . Adjusting earnings for these charges allows investors to evaluate our performance from period to period, as well as our peers, without the effects of certain items that may vary depending on accounting methods and the book value of assets . Additionally, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA present meaningful measures of performance exclusive of our capital structure and the method by which assets were acquired and financed . Effective December 31 , 2023 , we modified our calculation of EBITDA to exclude the impact of net interest expense from the Investment segment . This change has been applied to all periods presented . We believe that this revised presentation improves the supplemental information provided to our investors because interest expense within the Investment segment is associated with its core operations of investment activity rather than representative of its capital structure . EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and you should not consider them in isolation, or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U . S . GAAP . For example, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA : • do not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures, or contractual commitments ; • do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs ; and • do not reflect the significant interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our debt . Although depreciation and amortization are non - cash charges, the assets being depreciated or amortized often will have to be replaced in the future, and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements . Other companies in the industries in which we operate may calculate EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures . In addition, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect the impact of earnings or charges resulting from matters we consider not to be indicative of our ongoing operations . EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not measurements of our financial performance under U . S . GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to net income or any other performance measures derived in accordance with U . S . GAAP or as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of our liquidity . Given these limitations, we rely primarily on our U . S . GAAP results and use EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA only as a supplemental measure of our financial performance .

 

 

23 Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation by Segment – Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 (1) The presentation of Adjusted EBITDA for “All Other Operating Segments” included in this presentation consists of results fro m our Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma segments. Net (loss) income (40) 78 (9) 2 (2) (1) 1 (55) ($26) Interest expense, net - 20 (1) 3 - - - 51 73 Income tax expense (benefit) - 13 (4) 1 - - - (3) 7 Depreciation and amortization - 92 19 6 3 2 7 - 129 ($40) $203 $5 $12 $1 $1 $8 ($7) $183 Loss / (Gain) on disposition of assets, net - - 5 - - - - - 5 Transformation costs - - 11 - - - - - 11 Out of period adjustments - - (2) - - - - - (2) Other - - 4 2 - - - - 6 ($40) $203 $23 $14 $1 $1 $8 ($7) $203 Net (loss) income (23) 49 (9) 2 (2) (1) 1 (55) ($38) Interest expense, net - 10 (1) 3 - - - 51 63 Income tax expense (benefit) - 9 (4) 1 - - - (3) 3 Depreciation and amortization - 50 19 5 3 2 7 - 86 ($23) $118 $5 $11 $1 $1 $8 ($7) $114 Loss / (Gain) on disposition of assets, net - - 5 - - - - - 5 Transformation costs - - 11 - - - - - 11 Out of period adjustments - - (2) - - - - - (2) Other - - 4 2 - - - - 6 ($23) $118 $23 $13 $1 $1 $8 ($7) $134 Holding Company Consolidated Real Estate Home Fashion (1) Pharma (1) ($Millions) Investment Energy Automotive Food Packaging (1) Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP: EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA: EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adj. EBITDA before non-controlling interests

 

 

24 Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation by Segment – Three Months Ended March 31, 2023 (1) The presentation of Adjusted EBITDA for “All Other Operating Segments” included in this presentation consists of results fro m our Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma segments. Net (loss) income (375) 247 (13) 7 - (2) (4) (218) ($358) Interest expense, net - 18 - 3 - - - 49 70 Income tax expense (benefit) - 52 - (4) - - - (64) (16) Depreciation and amortization - 84 19 7 3 2 7 - 122 ($375) $401 $6 $13 $3 $0 $3 ($233) ($182) Loss on deconsolidation of subsidiary - - - - - - - 226 226 Transformation costs - - 9 - - - - - 9 Out of period adjustments - - 6 - - - - - 6 Other - - - 7 - - - - 7 ($375) $401 $21 $20 $3 $0 $3 ($7) $66 Net (loss) income (171) 132 (13) 6 - (2) (4) (218) ($270) Interest expense, net - 10 - 3 - - - 49 62 Income tax expense (benefit) - 38 - (4) - - - (64) (30) Depreciation and amortization - 49 19 6 3 2 7 - 86 ($171) $229 $6 $11 $3 $0 $3 ($233) ($152) Loss on deconsolidation of subsidiary - - - - - - - 226 226 Transformation costs - - 9 - - - - - 9 Out of period adjustments - - 6 - - - - - 6 Other - - - 6 - - - - 6 ($171) $229 $21 $17 $3 $0 $3 ($7) $95 EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adj. EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP: EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA: ($Millions) Investment Energy Automotive Food Packaging (1) Holding Company Consolidated Real Estate Home Fashion (1) Pharma (1)

 

 

25 Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation by Segment – Year Ended December 31, 2023 (1) The presentation of Adjusted EBITDA for “All Other Operating Segments” included in this presentation consists of results fro m our Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma segments. Net (loss) income (1,353) 831 (6) 13 16 (6) (3) (504) ($1,012) Interest expense, net - 52 - 12 - 1 (1) 189 253 Income tax expense (benefit) - 189 (10) 4 - - - (93) 90 Depreciation and amortization - 363 81 25 13 7 28 1 518 ($1,353) $1,435 $65 $54 $29 $2 $24 ($407) ($151) Impairment - - 7 - - - - - 7 Credit loss on related party note receivable - - - - - - - 139 139 Loss on deconsolidation of subsidiary - - - - - - - 246 246 Restructuring costs - - - - - 1 - - 1 (Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net - - (10) - - - - - (10) Transformation costs - - 41 - - - - - 41 Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt - - - - - - - (13) (13) Out of period adjustments - - 10 - - - - - 10 Other - - - 11 (1) - 1 - 11 ($1,353) $1,435 $113 $65 $28 $3 $25 ($35) $281 Net (loss) income (701) 508 (6) 12 16 (6) (3) (504) ($684) Interest expense, net - 24 - 11 - 1 (1) 189 224 Income tax expense (benefit) - 135 (10) 4 - - - (93) 36 Depreciation and amortization - 202 81 22 13 7 28 1 354 ($701) $869 $65 $49 $29 $2 $24 ($407) ($70) Impairment - - 7 - - - - - 7 Credit loss on related party note receivable - - - - - - - 139 139 Loss on deconsolidation of subsidiary - - - - - - - 246 246 Restructuring costs - - - - - 1 - - 1 (Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net - - (10) - - - - - (10) Transformation costs - - 41 - - - - - 41 Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt - - - - - - - (13) (13) Out of period adjustments - - 10 - - - - - 10 Other - - - 10 (1) - 1 - 10 ($701) $869 $113 $59 $28 $3 $25 ($35) $361 EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adj. EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP: EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA: ($Millions) Investment Energy Automotive Food Packaging (1) Holding Company Consolidated Real Estate Home Fashion (1) Pharma (1)

 

 

26 Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation by Segment – Year Ended December 31, 2022 (1) The presentation of Adjusted EBITDA for “All Other Operating Segments” included in this presentation consists of results fro m our Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma segments. Net (loss) income ($223) $596 ($192) $2 $7 ($22) ($18) ($175) ($25) Interest expense, net - 84 2 8 - 3 (1) 259 355 Income tax expense (benefit) - 140 (54) 7 - - - (59) 34 Depreciation and amortization - 353 80 27 13 7 28 1 509 ($223) $1,173 ($164) $44 $20 ($12) $9 $26 $873 Restructuring costs - - - - - 2 - - 2 (Gain) loss on disposition of assets - - (3) - - - - - (3) Transformation losses - - 53 - - - - - 53 Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt - - - - - - - 1 1 Out of period adjustments - - 51 1 - - - - 52 Call option lawsuits settlement - 79 - - - - - - 79 Other - 1 32 6 - - 1 - 40 ($223) $1,253 ($31) $51 $20 ($10) $10 $27 $1,097 Net (loss) income ($89) $304 ($192) $2 $7 ($22) ($18) ($175) ($183) Interest expense, net - 44 2 7 - 3 (1) 259 314 Income tax expense (benefit) - 103 (54) 6 - - - (59) (4) Depreciation and amortization - 199 80 24 13 7 28 1 352 ($89) $650 ($164) $39 $20 ($12) $9 $26 $479 Restructuring costs - - - - - 2 - - 2 (Gain) loss on disposition of assets - - (3) - - - - - (3) Transformation losses - - 53 - - - - - 53 Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt - - - - - - - 1 1 Out of period adjustments - - 51 1 - - - - 52 Call option lawsuits settlement - 56 - - - - - - 56 Other - 1 32 5 - - 1 - 39 ($89) $707 ($31) $45 $20 ($10) $10 $27 $679 Home Fashion (1) Pharma (1) Investment Energy Automotive Food Packaging (1) Real Estate (1) ($Millions) Holding Company Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA: EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP: Adj. EBITDA before non-controlling interests EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP

 

 

27 Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation by Segment – Year Ended December 31, 2021 (1) The presentation of Adjusted EBITDA for “All Other Operating Segments” included in this presentation consists of results fro m our Food Packaging, Home Fashion, and Pharma segments. Net (loss) income ($32) $29 ($260) ($2) ($8) ($8) ($3) $186 ($402) ($500) Interest expense, net - 109 7 6 - 2 - 1 318 443 Income tax expense (benefit) - (27) (72) 4 - (2) - - 19 (78) Depreciation and amortization - 343 87 28 9 7 28 14 1 517 ($32) $454 ($238) $36 $1 ($1) $25 $201 ($64) $382 Restructuring costs - - - 1 - - - - - 1 (Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net - - 22 - (3) - - (163) - (144) Transformation losses - - 149 - - - - - - 149 Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt - 8 - - - - - - (3) 5 Other - - - 14 1 1 (14) - - 2 ($32) $462 ($67) $51 ($1) $0 $11 $38 ($67) $395 Net (loss) income ($16) ($5) ($260) ($2) ($8) ($8) ($3) $186 ($402) ($518) Interest expense, net - 48 7 5 - 2 - 1 318 381 Income tax expense (benefit) - (14) (72) 3 - (2) - - 19 (66) Depreciation and amortization - 196 87 25 9 7 28 14 1 367 ($16) $225 ($238) $31 $1 ($1) $25 $201 ($64) $164 Restructuring costs - - - 1 - - - - - 1 (Gain) loss on disposition of assets, net - - 22 - (3) - - (163) - (144) Transformation losses - - 149 - - - - - - 149 Net (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt - 6 - - - - - - (3) 3 Other - - - 13 1 1 (14) - - 1 ($16) $231 ($67) $45 ($1) $0 $11 $38 ($67) $174 Adjusted EBITDA: EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adj. EBITDA before non-controlling interests Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP: EBITDA attributable to IEP Adjusted EBITDA attributable to IEP ($Millions) Investment Energy Automotive Food Packaging (1) Holding Company Consolidated Real Estate Home Fashion (1) Pharma (1) Metals